Username

Password

Discover Wildlife

Feature

Wild About Gardening

Discover the benefits of wildlife-friendly gardening, learn about Canadian plants and animals and find out how you can attract local and migratory wildlife to your outdoor haven.

More

Search:

By Type

Habitat Protection
CWF calls for habitat protection as an independent review...
Bottom Trawling
Examining the state of bottom trawling laws and...
Turtle Crossings
The perils turtles face and tips so you can help turtles...
Coon Commando
A letter from reader from a reader who encountered a very...
Family Planning — Climate currents, caplin and kittiwakes
For the black-legged kittiwakes nesting on the steep...
The buzz on bees
Let’s face it — most bees are generally misunderstood and...
Five Canadian Species You Should Know
This month’s Take Five focuses on Canadian wildlife; five...
Kids Gone Wild
Novotel is offering a kids’ package called kids gone wild...
HWW’s Newest Webisode Hits the Web
Hinterland Who’s Who recently launched its newest...
Schools Aren’t Only Going Green, They’re Going Blue!
Students at the Chilliwack Education Centre are helping...
You Won’t Be-leaf It ‘Till You See It!
As the days become cooler and shorter, it is time to go...
Your Connection to Wildlife
When I was thinking about what to write for this issue I...
Get Wise — Get E-News!
FREE! Sign up for one or more of CWF’s numerous online...
The Envirothon Challenge
Congratulations to students at the West Hill Secondary...
Bateman Contest Winners
Congratulations to the 2008 winners of the Robert...
Congratulations to our Award Winners!
CWF congratulates the winners of the 2008 Conservation...
Funding News
CWF’s Funding Program has once again awarded financial...
The Climate Change Blog
Kermit the frog had it right; it isn’t easy being green -...
Wild About Gardening Continues to Grow
We’ve dug deep and replanted. We’ve redirected and made...
Fifth-Graders Raise Dollars for the Peregrine
They’re only 10-years-old, but Morgan Young and Claire...
Hard Work and Initiative Generates Outdoor Learning
With the co-operation of landowners Jim Beck and the...
Our young conservationist strikes again!
You may remember seeing Amanda profiled in a previous CWF...
Please Save Snakes
One of Canada’s youngest nature crusaders sent CWF a...
Saving Wildlife at 16
At the age of 16, Jeff Howard has done more for wildlife...
Can’t See the Forest for the TVs
Even though it’s still making headlines, it shouldn’t be...
PhotoScapes: Polar Bears are Standing on Thin Ice
Environment Canada research scientist and guest speaker...
Five Alternative Energy Sources Explained
This month’s Take Five takes a closer look at five...
Discouraging Masked Diggers
Learn why racoons and skunks dig up your lawn and what...
Insect runs rampant; kills millions of trees in Western Canada
Mountain pine beetle infestation is killing trees at an...
Be Alerted By The Latest News
Save time, energy and money by subscribing to CWF’s free...
How You Contribute to Conservation
Learn how CWF funding dollars are divided.
Arctic Hare Caption Contest Winners
We can always count on your caption submissions to give...
Wild About Music
On April 20, in Toronto, CWF and OPERAencore! presented...
Thinking Outside the Bag!
“If you don’t take a bag, we’ll give the cost of the bag...
Canadian Wildlife Federation Awards
The Canadian Wildlife Federation (CWF) is proud to...
CWF Re-Elects PEI Native as Board President
The Canadian Wildlife Federation (CWF) is proud to...
The CWF and National Wildlife Federation partnership
The Canadian Wildlife Federation (CWF) and U.S. National...
Creepy Cuisine Around the World
Happy Halloween and bon appétit from this month’s Take...
White-Nose Bat Syndrome – Coming to Canada?
Bats may stow themselves away in caves, mines, attics or...
Give ‘em Shelter
Looking to bring a little life to the dead of winter this...
Searching for Songbirds
Q. Is there a decline in the number of songbirds? I...
Make Your Home Energy-Efficient This Winter
Does your blood pressure rise with energy prices at the...
Sharing Inspiration
n today’s world, getting inspired is not always easy. All...
To Migrate or Not to Migrate?
This month’s Take Five is the first of a two-part feature...
Small Really Is Beautiful
Tiny yards, patios and even balconies can nurture nature...
Southern Sojourner
Climate change sends the opossum into the Great White North.
A Pond Predicament
In some parts of Canada, wildlife is not dominant in the...
To Migrate or Not To Migrate: Canada’s True Snow Birds
This month’s Take Five is the second part of a two month...
O’ Christmas Tree
Christmas crunch time. You’ve got five holiday parties to...
Surviving the Storm: Wildlife in Winter
Winter. Some of us stow ourselves away, drinking hot...
Countdown to 2010
As you sit down to make your New Year’s resolutions for...
Manufactured Habitat
Q. With ice melting due to climate change, is there any...
The Art of Nature
On October 2, 2008, eight of Canada and the United...
Ice Ice Baby!
Ever wonder how icicles are formed? When the ice or snow...
CWF Funding Contributes to Advances in Polar Bear Research
Thanks in part to funding provided by the Canadian...
On the right track
Workers begin the installation. CWF is the first official...
Helping hands
An Ottawa solar technician lays the groundwork for CWF's...
Banking on the future
An array of solar panels creates a photovoltaic bank of...
New Heights for Climate Change
The Canadian Wildlife Federation inspires Canadians to...
What CWF is doing in the fight against climate change
CWF wants Canadians to get involved in climate change...
Let the sun shine
At CWF we took another step to reduce our carbon...
New Year’s Resolutions ― Think Green
This month’s Take Five focuses on helping you make your...
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
The UN climate convention was held in Poznan, Poland from...
Know Your Snow
We happily catch it on our tongues and begrudgingly...
Spring Fever! Dating and Mating in the Wild
The ruffle of a feather, an elaborate dance, long swims...
Green Your Valentine’s Day
Think you’ve got Casanova’s moves down? Lights down low?...
Inspirational Wildlife Tales
For our Valentine’s Day edition of Take Five we’re...
CWF Press Releases - 2008
Get all the Canadian Wildlife Federation press releases...
Night Watch
Do you remember gazing at the stars when you were a kid...
Issues Update: Species at Risk
Did you know there are 23 new species proposed to be...
How Animals Survive the Arctic Tundra
The Arctic tundra, a snowy biome that is housed within...
Searching for Signs of Spring
Spring. Leading groundhog authorities and the calendar...
Eye Spy
Q. How Do Owls See At Night to Hunt?
CWF Launches National Wildlife Week and new conservation partnerships in Whistler
CWF Launches National Wildlife Week and new conservation...
Meet the New President
After sitting on the board for 16 years, Larry Leigh will...
Kids for Turtles
Kermit the Frog once said, “It’s not easy being green.”...
Crowning Glory
With over 25 million Canadians caught up in the hustle...
Get Crafty with Wildlife!
Create unique greeting cards, invitations and decorative...
Your Connection to Wildlife
The Byrds had it right. To everything, there is a season....
Chipmunk Captions Contest Winners
We can always count on your caption submissions to give...
Broken Flight
Q. We have a robin who has been flinging itself at our...
Our Home and Native Plants
Canada is home to thousands of identified native plant...
Taking Root: Five Widespread Native Plants!
In celebration of National Wildlife Week, this month’s...
Discover Our Roots
O Canada! Our home and native plants – yes you read it...
Clearing the Way for Native Species
Q: How do I remove non-native invasive plants from my...
Spring Ka-Ching!
We’ve got spring fever! This season CWF is divvying up...
Close Encounters of the Animal Kind
Picture a beautiful day with sparking sun, cloudless sky...
Thinking Small: Five of Canada’s Smallest Mammals!
For this month’s edition of Take Five we’ll be...
The Robert Bateman Get to Know Contest
A $5,000 sponsorship helps Canadian kids connect with...
Spring Cleaning the Great Outdoors!
Everyone likes a little help with spring cleaning, and...
H2OurLife: Now is Not Soon Enough
Art students from Michael A. Riffel High School in Regina...
CWF Develops International Approaches to Water Conservation
The Canadian Wildlife Federation is developing new...
Canada’s Navigable Waters Protection Act
Pushing to amend Canada’s Navigable Waters Protection Act...
Rivers to Oceans - Surface water webisode
Half of North America gets drinking water from rivers and...
Rivers to Oceans - Conserve and Protect
The quality and quantity of our fresh water resources are...
Rivers to Oceans - Conserve and Protect - 30s
The quality and quantity of our fresh water resources are...
Rivers to Oceans - Conserve and Protect webisode
The quality and quantity of our fresh water resources are...
Rivers to Oceans - Groundwater
The earth can be a wonderful filtration system, but some...
Rivers to Oceans - Groundwater - 30s
The earth can be a wonderful filtration system, but some...
Rivers to Oceans - Groundwater Webisode
The earth can be a wonderful filtration system, but some...
Rivers to Oceans - Storm water webisode
There are 3 sets of pipes under our streets; drinking...
Rivers to Oceans - Stormwater
There are 3 sets of pipes under our streets; drinking...
Rivers to Oceans - Stormwater - 30s
There are 3 sets of pipes under our streets; drinking...
Rivers to Oceans - Surface Water
Half of North America gets drinking water from rivers and...
Rivers to Oceans - Surface Water - 30s
Half of North America gets drinking water from rivers and...
Rivers to Oceans - Waste water
What we put down our sinks and toilets goes through a...
Rivers to Oceans - Waste water - 30s
What we put down our sinks and toilets goes through a...
Rivers to Oceans - Waste water webisode
What we put down our sinks and toilets goes through a...
CWF Launches New Wildlife Conservation Learning Institute this July at Acadia
The Canadian Wildlife Federation is now accepting...
CWF Navigates Troubled Waters During Rivers to Oceans Week
The Canadian Wildlife Federation is urging Canadians to...
Restore a Ribbon of Life
Help promote biodiversity along Canada’s shorelines by...
Water Worlds: Five Forms of Water in Canada
In this month’s edition of Take Five we’ll identify five...
Discovering the World of Animal Tracks
Tracking is like a doorway to a greater understanding of...
Bob Gruszecki Receives 2009 CWF Outdoorsperson of the Year Award
Bob Gruszecki from Calgary, Alberta has been awarded the...
Gary Breitkreuz: Co-recipient of 2009 CWF Past Presidents Award
Gary Breitkreuz from Saskatchewan is the co-recipient of...
Larry Bagnell: Co-recipient of 2009 CWF Past Presidents Award
Larry Bagnell from the Yukon is the co-recipient of the...
Rachel Hacking: Rachel Hacking: 2009 CWF Youth Conservation Award Winner
Rachel Hacking of Stratford, Ontario has been awarded the...
Don Trethewey Receives 2009 CWF Roland Michener Conservation Award
Don Trethewey from Kamloops, British Columbia has been...
Mario Viboux receives the 2009 Roderick Haig-Brown CWF Conservation Award
Mario Viboux receives the 2009 Roderick Haig-Brown CWF...
Hinterland Who’s Who Filming in Saskatchewan
The Canadian Wildlife Federation is pleased to announce...
Beating the Heat
When our blood begins to boil under the blazing summer...
Where the Wild Things Grow
CWF’s WILD School funding helps Scott Young Public School...
Summer in the City: Canada’s Hottest Cities
In this month’s edition of Take Five we’ll take you on a...
Your Wildlife Videos
Learning and teaching about wildlife can be fun and easy...
Great Horned Owl
With piercing yellow eyes and pointy, tufted ears, the...
Mosquito
Find out about our featured species. You’re sure to learn...
Staycationing in Style
Staying home for your summer vacation is a great way to...
Ecotourism: A Sweet Escape
The hot summer sun heats up the streets of the city, the...
Wildlife Encounters!
For this month’s Take Five, we’re featuring stories of...
Burn Out
Q. What impact do the wildfires occurring in B.C. have on...
Balancing Act
How your garden can coexist with wildlife
Forest Fires: All Your Burning Questions Answered
With their destructive effect on Canada’s western...
Grow Seedlings of Hope
We take trees for granted. Without them, life on our...
Five Reasons for Fall Foliage
With warm patio weather a thing of the past, Mother...
The Harvest
You’ve spent countless hours digging in the garden and...
Fall 2009: Your Connection to Wildlife
I’m good with change — always have been. But I know this...
Bald Eagle Captions Contest Winners
Everyone loved this little fuzzball!
CWF needs your help to save some of Canada’s most iconic species
From the snow capped mountains of British Columbia to the...
Baffling Bats
The Canadian Wildlife Foundation recently donated $5,000...
Spotted Joe-pye weed
A.K.A.: Joe-pye weed, purple boneset, spotted trumpetweed
Striped Skunk
Despite its reputation, the striped skunk (Mephitis...
Raccoon
Common in many North American cities, the raccoon will...
The Creepy Crawly Crew
By Sarah Jones From spiders to snakes, there are plenty...
Trick or treat!
By Stacey Scott Every Halloween, troops of tykes make...
Light Bright
Q. I switched my regular light bulbs to Compact...
CWF Welcomes New Canadians
The Canadian Wildlife Federation was honoured to...
Become a special friend of wildlife
By becoming a monthly donor, you help CWF save time,...
On the Move
Q. How do migratory species remember where to go?
The Way We Were
By April Overall A lesson from your grandpa: “You’ve got...
Canada’s Lost Species
By Leigh Edgar Extinction isn't exclusive to species on...
Mountain Spring Nature Retreat Wins CWF Award
The wildlife that calls the Mountain Spring Nature...
It’s a Wrap!
Q. How can I reduce waste during the holidays?
The Climate Crisis Takes Centre Stage
In the past century, the average temperature of the Earth...
Canada Needs to Follow Through for Developing Countries
Canada needs to quickly follow through with financial...
Assessing Our Wildlife Future
The assessment of 28 wildlife species by the Committee on...
What percentage of mammals is at risk across the globe?
What percentage of mammals is at risk across the globe?
Subzero Survival
By April Overall and Pam Logan With temperatures...
The Low Down on the IUCN Red List
By Stephanie Bonner Au revoir. Auf wiedersehen. Sayonara....
Wood Poppy (Stylophorum diphyllum)
Consider yourself privileged to catch a glimpse of this...
Feed The Birds
Don’t worry — there’s nothing wrong with providing food...
Salt Of The Earth
When snow and freezing rain descend, Canadians’ weapon of...
Bog Willow (Salix pedicellaris)
RELATIVES: many members of the willow family Salicaceae,...
Orca Whale
The orca (orcinus orca), often called the killer whale,...
Room for Rodents
Keep an open mind about mice and their cousins
Help Pollinators!
What you can do to help pollinators
National Wildlife Week is Buzzing About Pollinators
The Canadian Wildlife Federation is showcasing the value...
The Buzz on Pollinators: Pass it on
A picnic isn’t a picnic without a few unwelcome guests:...
Backing Up Developing Countries
During the Copenhagen summit, the U.S., Japan and several...
Only You
By April Overall and Sarah JonesIn a wild world that...
Wild Nights
What could be more romantic than running away with your...
CWF Olympic Art Installation Focuses on Water Conservation
The Canadian Wildlife Federation’s new and innovative art...
Walk for Wildlife
By Stephanie BonnerThere’s no question that Canadians...
CWF Conservation Awards Call For Nominations
OTTAWA— The deadline for CWF’s Conservation Achievement...
CWF and Chalk Art Festival Celebrate Biodiversity
March 24, 2010 – The Canadian Wildlife Federation and the...
Wood poppy (Stylophorum diphyllum)
RELATIVES: pale poppy (Papaver alboroseum), Arctic poppy...
Feed The Birds
Keep an open mind about mice and their cousins
CWF Launches $1-million Endangered Species Program
March 25, 2010 — The Canadian Wildlife Federation is...
Where is Biodiversity the Greatest?
The southern hemisphere is home to the greatest level of...
Creating a Buzz
Launched during National Wildlife Week 2009, CWF’s...
The Native Alpines of Newfoundland
When most people think of alpine plants, visions of the...
Canada’s Plants in Peril
By Sarah CoulberCanada is home to some of the...
Canada Lynx
This secretive, hard-to-spot resident of Canada’s...
Dense-Flowered Lupine (Lupinus densiflorus)
many members of the family Fabaceae, including Prairie...
Bringing Diversity Home
When it comes to gardening, 2010 is the perfect time to...
Cannibalized Cubs
Shrinking and late-forming ice is forcing the polar bears...
Big Horne Sheep Captions Contest Winners
Your captions for these horned creatures were hilarious —...
Five Alternatives to Pesticides
Spring has sprung, and along with the flowers in our...
CWF Supports COSEWIC’s Wildlife Species Assessment
The Canadian Wildlife Federation supports the Committee...
Pledge to Protect the Ocean
Did you know that every second breath we take is actually...
Green Gardening
By Sarah CoulberAs we move through our day, we make...
Rivers to Oceans - Wetlands - 30s
Wetlands play an important role in sustaining...
Rivers to Oceans - Wetlands - 60s
Wetlands play an important role in sustaining...
Rivers to Oceans - Wetlands webisode
Wetlands play an important role in sustaining...
What’s in Our Water?
Ahh, finally! June is here! Time to embrace summer’s...
Snakes – Making Friends
The snake story is very dear to my heart for it began...
CWF Recognizes Outstanding Schools
June 21, 2010 – The Canadian Wildlife Federation has...
Cottaging au Naturel: Get Your Summer on While Protecting Wildlife
By Megan FindlayYou’re ready for summer. You’ve got...
It’s All Fun and Games Until…
By Aaron KylieGoing to the lake is a favourite summer...
Set Sail at the Summer Institute
The Canadian Wildlife Federation Learning Institute is...
Set Sail with Us
By Heather Robison and April OverallWater never ceases to...
Designing Sustainable Landscapes
In an age of urban sprawl, failing infrastructure,...
Up on the Roof
On a sunny day — a good omen for the upcoming solar...
Looking Bleak: The Future of Canada’s Forests
By Megan FindlayThe woods are lovely this time of year:...
Snug as a Bug
Q. How can I help insects overwinter in my yard?
The Science of Migration
By April OverallWhat if the only way you could get from...
Gardening with Native Canadian Plants
Landscaping with native wildflowers and grasses for...
Making Healthy Choices — Going Organic
According to the Audubon, 136 million pounds (61,689...
Ten Easy Steps to Build a Container Garden Oasis
Container gardening is presently the fastest growing...
Ozone Layer 101
By Sara ChesiukWe’ve all heard about the ozone...
Good News!
Each November we recognize those who have given us the...
CWF at COP16: Education Can Change the Climate
Nov. 22, 2010 – The Canadian Wildlife Federation...
Let It Snow
Although winter doesn’t officially arrive until...
Have a Holly, Jolly Christmas
Q. I’m looking to spruce up my backyard with...
Why Grow Native Plants?
Many of the popular plants in today’s gardens are...
Shrub Solutions
Q. How can I keep deer and moose away from my shrubs...
New Year, New You
By April OverallNew Year’s resolutions....
Testosterone Overload
By Stephanie PoffIn the animal kingdom, most species use...
Frozen Froggy
Q. What’s needed to overwinter frogs?
Montreal-Trudeau Airport Presents Three New Photo Exhibitions
Feb 02, 2011 08:00 ETMontreal-Trudeau Airport Presents...
CWF is a Premier Partner in an Award-Winning Boating Seminar
QUEBEC – December 7 / CNW Telbec / - Winner of the...
What's the purpose of birds' annual migration?
On top of their annual migration to warmer climes and...
How many forest fires occur every year in Canada?
How many forest fires occur every year in Canada? A....
How many plants are at risk in Canada?
How many plants are at risk in Canada?
Of the two native mistletoe species in North America, which is considered a pest?
Of the two native mistletoe species in North America,...
Where is biodiversity the greatest?
Where is biodiversity the greatest? Northern hemisphere,...
Atlantic cod growth
Since 2007, Atlantic cod stocks in the Grand Banks region...
Ruby-throated hummingbird in migration
The ruby-throated hummingbird hitches a ride on larger...
In a year, how many people go whale watching across the globe?
In a year, how many people go whale watching across the...
How many freshwater fish are at risk in Canada?
How many freshwater fish are at risk in Canada? A. 24B....
Groundhogs and their shadows
Whether the groundhog sees its shadow or not on Groundhog...
Which bird lays the smallest eggs?
Which bird lays the smallest eggs?a. The ruby-throated...
The Year of the Turtle
By April OverallThese slow moving fellas might not be...
CWF and Whistler Blackcomb Unveil Wildlife Signs
March 2, 2011 - The Canadian Wildlife Federation and...
Biography of Dr. Yves Jean
Beside his participation in different national and...
Look Who’s Walking!
By Natalie GillisNeed some inspiration for your Walk for...
The Reign of the Rainforest
By Annie LangoisThink rainforests are exclusive to the...
Wounded Wildlife
Ever wondered how to help an injured animal? We’ve...
Test Your Migration Knowledge
How far can the Canada goose travel in one day? a. 500...
Catharine Parr Traill
By April Overall A tribute to Canada’s floral...
Wasp Worries
Getting stung by a wasp is not an ideal way to end a...
Hose Woes
What per cent of water used at home do Canadians use on...
Spring Funding for At-risk Species
We’ve done it again! CWF is funding another round...
Parks Canada Celebrates 100th birthday!
May 19, 2011 marks the 100th birthday of the...
Is this Goodnight?
A mysterious fungal infection killing bats in the U.S....
Postal Strike Will Impact Wildlife Conservation Support
The Canadian Wildlife Federation, along with other...
Great Bouquets with Native Plants
One of my favourite reasons for watching the current...
Feed the Birds
Mary Poppins might have condoned feeding the birds, but...
Splish Splashin’ Around
By Stephanie Poff Celebrate the watersheds in your...
Water Watch
Get your popcorn ready and enjoy a water flick this weekend!
COP 16
The heat is on in Cancún, Mexico, this December....
CWF Gives Top Marks to School Habitat Projects
The Canadian Wildlife Federation is recognizing several...
Stepping Up to the Plate
The Canadian Wildlife Foundation’s Funding Program...
Take Five: Top Five Risks to Birds in Your Backyard
Your backyard might be teeming with risks to the...
What percentage of birds bond with just one mate?
What percentage of birds bond with just one mate? a. 40...
The Cat’s Me-OW
There’s no doubt Fluffykins is the perfect feline...
When Aliens Invade
Forget flying saucers and crop circles. We’ve got...
Join CWF at Tall Ships
September 16, 2010 – With the leaves turning...
Thump.
What should you do if a bird hits your window?
Friends of the Forest
By Annie LangloisThe world’s forests cover 31 per...
Falling to Pieces
By April Overall How would you like it if your home...
It’s True: Every Bit Counts
Even small steps toward greener living have immediate...
Breathe Easier
One tree can provide a day’s oxygen for how many...
CWF Celebrates Literacy Day with new Wild Classes of the Year program
In celebration of International Literacy Day, September...
National Forest Week
National Forest Week
CWF Launches All Access Adventure Auction
An amazing opportunity to go white water rafting in the...
Only Three Days Left to Bid on the All Access Adventure
Can you survive if you miss out on a once in a lifetime...
Stress in the City
By April Overall Is your city stressing you out? Mother...
Celebrating the Unconference
By Stephanie Poff At CWF, fostering an appreciation of...
Cover Up!
Adding mulch to your garden is easy, and you’ll be...
Toilet Training
Your backyard isn’t a spot to powder your nose....
Get Outside, Raise a Genius
Schools that have environmental education programs score...
Nova Scotia Couple Looks Forward to All Access Adventure
A rural Nova Scotia couple is looking forward to a thrill...
How to Make the Most of …It
You’ve got to do something with the tonnes of...
CWF Launches New Summer Institute in Nova Scotia
The Canadian Wildlife Federation Learning Institute is...
Fall 2009 News
What's new this fall at CWF.
CWF Celebrates its First 50 Years of Conservation
Conservationists from across the country are in Ottawa...
CWF supports Youth Drawn to Nature
When it comes to conservation, Colin Starkevich is a...
CWF’s All Access Adventure Inspiring
David and Kimberley MacLean’s All Access Adventure...
Mouse in the House
What to do when you hear the ‘squeak, squeak’...
Plan for Obsolescence
Shop carefully for electronics. Your landfill will thank you
CWF Youth Helps Bring the Conservation Movement to New Heights of Understanding
For 16-year old Delaney Losier, a trip across Canada to...
The Green Party
The holidays are about living large: lots of fun, food...
CWF Showcases Arctic Videos at Climate Conference
The Canadian Wildlife Federation will showcase some of its
The Christmas Party Hop
By April Overall Plan a holiday party that Martha and...
Seeing Red
Getting a sudden influx of lady bugs in your house? Shoo...
Faking It
How many years will it take for an artificial Christmas...
From the Arctic to Africa
By Heather Robison Change is in Our Hands at COP 17
Winter is for the birds
How make your garden a cold-weather refuge
No Stone Unturned
We were thwarted in our search for salamanders, but...
Salamander in the Snow
What to Do if You Find This Amphibian Outside When the...
Firm Footing
Before You Start Sprinkling Salt on Your Icy Driveway,...
Let It Snow
How many snowflakes cover our country every year?A. ...
Creation of Gardens along the Prescott-Russell Recreational Trail
On Wednesday, May 25th, the kindergarten students of...
Winter Wildlife: The Clues Are All Around
Our backyards, parks and nature trails can be great...
Threat Assessment
How many species in Canada are endangered or at risk?
Going, going…
Canada’s five most endangered habitats — in...
Life with SARA
Chances are, you’ve never seen a nooksack dace....
CWF is Proud to Partner with the Canadian Museum of Nature to Bring Whales Exhibit to Canada
Whales Tohorā: The Exhibition, an internationally touring...
CWF Certifies Nova Scotia Town “Wildlife Friendly”
The Canadian Wildlife Federation is pleased to announce a...
Migration Moment
How many migratory bird species stop over in Canada en...
Protect Your Pooch
Is Fido Safe From the Coyotes Roaming Your...
Burn Brightly, Burn Cleanly
Stay Warm This Winter—Guilt Free.
Gardener's Gold
So often we go about our day, forgetting that ultimately...
CWF Concerned about Potential Changes to the Federal Fisheries Act
ALERT March 29, 2012 | CWF Concerned about Potential...
Canadian Wildlife Federation Joins in Rebuild of High Park Playground in Toronto
The Canadian Wildlife Federation is lending its support...
Building a Toad Shelter
A quick and easy outdoor project, adding a toad home to...
Canadian Wildlife Federation seeks details from federal budget
The Canadian Wildlife Federation says some elements of...
A Tropical Getaway
Why does the sharp-shinned hawk migrate to tropic and...
Love Those Sticks and Stones
If you want to create a natural feel in your garden, add...
Walk for Wildlife
By Claire Preston Get ready to strut your stuff for...
Keeping cats indoors is for the birds…and the cats
Most gardeners are accustomed not only to wild visitors,...
CWF Launches National Wildlife Week with Art, Action and Adventure
Take a walk on the wild side, create a piece of art...
CWF acknowledges RocketOwl
The Canadian Wildlife Federation would like to...
Schools Recognized for Outstanding Habitat Projects
The Canadian Wildlife Federation is pleased to announce...
Chalk it all up to fun May 12 in Gananoque
Love the Outdoors is the theme of Gananoque’s Chalk...
Love Your Lake
By April Overall Show your cottage some love by making it...
CWF Takes Centre Stage
By Pam Logan Join CWF at Water in a World of Seven...
Mindboggling Mesh
Is using mesh the best way to protect birds in your...
The Buzz on Bees
How many bee species live in Canada?A. 50B. 300C. ...
Every Drop Counts
Here’s How to Start Cutting Back on Your Water...
Question #6 out of 10
Beauty queens, listen up! How do you get rid of unwanted...
Question #7 out of 10
Your neighbours would agree you’ve got the best...
Question #8 out of 10
When old man winter comes to visit, how do you keep your...
Question #9 out of 10
What kind of toilet paper is in your bathroom right now?
Question #2 out of 10
Some pesky bug is eating your English roses. How do you...
Question #5 out of 10
Your house is so clean you put Martha Stewart to shame....
Question #3 out of 10
How often do you pick up after Fido?
Question #4 out of 10
How do you keep ol’ Betsy looking sparkly?
Question #10 out of 10
Oooosh! The winter was rough on your scalp. Everybody...
The Elusive Bat
Bats playing hard to get with your backyard? Here’s...
Question #1 out of 10
Approximately 80 per cent of ocean pollution is caused by...
CANADIAN WILDLIFE FEDERATION REWARDS YOUTH FOR CELEBRATING RIVERS TO OCEANS WEEK
The Canadian Wildlife Federation and Get to Know Program...
Go Go Gadget, Butterfly Wings
By Claire Preston The latest and greatest inventions have...
Groundhog Grumbles
Have you got an unwelcome visitor in your backyard?...
Narwhal Nose Dives
How deep can narwhals dive? A. 750 metres deepB. ...
Narwhal Nose Dives
How deep can narwhals dive? A. 750 metres deepB. ...
Transat Quebec Saint-Malo
By Heather Robison Set sail with CWF this summer!
Is your garden water-smart?
Clean water is critical to our wild spaces. So it’s...
Canadian Wildlife Federation Proud Collaborator of the Transat Quebec – St-Malo
As the proud collaborating partner of the Transat Quebec...
CWF Hosts Summer Institute in Nunavut
CWF Hosts Summer Institute in Nunavut
CWF and Canadian Yachting Association recognize common interests
CWF and Canadian Yachting Association recognize common...
The Bard’s Birds
By April Overall How Shakespeare Introduced Invasive...
Tree vs. Car
A car that’s driven 41,600 kilometres over the span...
CWF Urges Federal Government to Continue its Commitment to Species at Risk in Canada
The Canadian government plans to weaken the Species at...
Celebrate National Tree Day and INSPIRE others
The Canadian Wildlife Federation and Ten Tree Apparel are...
Ten Tree and CWF Launch INSPIRE Campaign
The Canadian Wildlife Federation and Ten Tree Apparel are...
Sweet Spooky Treats!
With Halloween just around the corner and fall already at...
Seeds Aren’t All the Same. Shop Wisely
After putting your garden to bed, consider these ideas as...
Love Your Lake
LoveYourLake.ca The Canadian Wildlife Federation.ca,...
Making a better Canada by working together
Just one voice can't make a difference and so I don't...
Decomposition in the Arctic
Canadian Wildlife Federation Gardener Ken Beattie...
The Future of Conservation
Canadian Wildlife magazine's September/October 2012 issue...
Hinterland Rat Tail (HWW Spoof)
CBC's This Hour Has 22 Minutes HWW spoof
Following the Humpback: Dr. Yves Jean with Leida Buglass, Part 1
Following the Humpback: Dr. Yves Jean in the Dominican...
Following the Humpback: Dr. Yves Jean with Leida Buglass, Part 2
Following the Humpback: Dr. Yves Jean in the Dominican...
Following the Humpback: Dr. Yves Jean with Leida Buglass, Part 3
Following the Humpback: Dr. Yves Jean in the Dominican...
Following the Humpback: Dr. Yves Jean with Leida Buglass, Part 4
Following the Humpback: Dr. Yves Jean in the Dominican...
CanadianWildlifeFederation.ca
The Canadian Wildlife Federation celebrates 50 years.
Nathan Clements - Happy 50th
Wildlife Conservation Research Nathan Clements wishes CWF...
Past President wishes Happy Anniversary
Don wishes CWF Happy 50th Anniversary.
Voices of the North: Jonathan Cruz
Voices of the North: Jonathan Cruz
Voices of the North: Jonathan Cruz, Designer (2)
The Canadian Wildlife Federation interviews Jonathan Cruz
CWF OAR Northwest Salish Sea Expedition
A group of four rowers paddle around Vancouver Island.
Voices of the North
CWFeducation.ca
Share Your Wild Adventure with the Canadian Wildlife Federation
The Canadian Wildlife Federation is calling on Canadians...
Use Our Learning Resources & Lesson Plans
At CWF Education, we believe that reaching young people...
Merry Christmas 2011
This holiday season, CWF would like to thank you. CWF is...
Invasive Species Encyclopedia
They are among the biggest threats to wildlife habitat,...
Invasive Species Encyclopedia
An encyclopedia of pests invading Canadian wilderness.
Widget: Money
Embed this widget on your site, favourite social...
What Do We Know?
Recovery planning is even harder when the species is hard...
Widget: Jobs
Embed this widget on your site, favourite social...
Widget: Fish
Embed this widget on your site, favourite social...
Widget: Moose
Embed this widget on your site, favourite social...
Call It A Start
Last winter, the federal government began developing a...
Widget: Oil
Embed this widget on your site, favourite social...
Widget: Caribou
Embed this widget on your site, favourite social...
Alexandra Cousteau
On water and the myth of abundance
Widget: Wood
Embed this widget on your site, favourite social...
Robert Bateman
On the future of biodiversity
Park Here
Canada’s increasingly urban society is a threat to its...
Boreal Forest Forecast Widgets
Embed these widget on your site, favourite social...
Widget: Fishers
Embed this widget on your site, favourite social...
Jean Lemire
On climate change and the polar regions
Submit Your Company_kchurchill Convio revision
If you sell native plants, we would love to include you...
Canadian Native Plant Supplier Submission Form
If you sell native plants, we would love to include you...
Wildlife Update — March 2012
The March edition of Wildlife Update should have been...
Wildlife Update — June 2012
The June edition of Wildlife Update should have been...
Wildlife Update — May 2012
The May edition of Wildlife Update should have been...
Quebec News
Wildlife news from Quebec.
Connecting You to Wildlife
Change is in the air this season, not just outside where...
Online Articles
Find this wildlife content only at CWF Online —...
Canadian Wildlife Federation Articles
News from CWF including past partnerships, promotions and...
Funded Projects
See how the Canadian Wildlife Federation is supporting...
A Garden For Wild Friends
A garden for wild friends colouring page
Copy Nature and Support Wildlife
Copy nature and support wildlife colouring page
A wildlife-friendly garden
a wildlife friendly garden colouring page
Canada Goose
canada goose colouring page
Grizzly
grizzly coloring page
Orca
orca colouring page
Leatherback Seaturtle
leatherback seaturtle colouring page
Avoid the Bags!
avoid the bags game
Leatherback Predators
leatherback predators game
Navigating Troubled Waters - Agriculture
The quality of the water flowing down the St Lawrence is...
Nature Notebook
Whether or not your school is blessed with acres of wild...
Navigating Troubled Waters
The Canadian Wildlife Federation and the award winning...
HWW Species — Great Horned Owl
One of the most widespread and common birds of prey in...
Navigating Troubled Waters - Infrastructure
We have all become used to the convenience of indoor...
Navigating Troubled Waters - Wildlife
Humans are not the only living creatures that depend on...
Issues News
At the Canadian Wildlife Federation we deal with a...
Rivers to Oceans Videos
Do you know where water goes once it’s flushed down the...
Navigating Troubled Waters - Climate Change
Climate Change is going to have a huge affect on both the...
Wildlife News
The CWF is concerned first and foremost about protecting...
Christmas 2008 Screensaver
Decorate your computer monitor with this holiday screen...
I Love Wildlife Screensaver
If you love wildlife, you’ll love CWF’s new “I Love...
Navigating Troubled Waters - 30 s
The Canadian Wildlife Federation and the award winning...
Your stories
Read inspiring stories of how you have made a difference...
Your stories
Read inspiring stories of how you have made a difference...
Caption Contest Winners
Caption Contest Winners
Habitat News
Many species are at risk due to human intervention....
Biodiversity
Download this biodiversity wallpaper.
Editor's Bench - Winter 2008
Winter is here, and while we many of us may venture...
Northern saw-whet owl
Download this Northern saw-whet owl
Editor's Bench - Summer 2008
Summer is a time to enjoy getting outside, feeling the...
Feature Plants
Feature Plants
Editor's Bench - Fall 2009
Fall is indeed my favourite time of year. One can still...
Rudbeckia
Download this Rudbeckia wallpaper.
Editor's Bench - Fall 2008
It’s hard to believe that autumn is already here. The...
Goldenrod
Download this Goldenrod wallpaper.
Golden Currant
Download this Golden Currant wallpaper.
Gaillardia Aristata
Download this Gaillardia Aristata wallpaper.
Editor's Bench - Summer 2009
As summer sets in, we’re gearing up to enjoy some fun in...
Feature Nurseries
Feature Nurseries
Water drop
Download this wallpaper
WAG Wallpapers
Download these gardening wallpapers.
Widget: Species of Special Concern
A species that may become Threatened or Endangered by a...
Widget: Threatened Species
Embed this widget on your site, favourite social...
Widget: Endangered Species
Embed this widget on your site, favourite social...
The Heron Hotel
Great blue herons are normally a reclusive species. Then...
Widget: Reptiles
Embed this widget on your site, favourite social...
Widget: Extirpated Species
Embed this widget on your site, favourite social...
Newsmaker
Juno award-winner Sarah Harmer sings about the wild —...
To Protect and Conserve
As the country with the world’s longest coastline, Canada...
Widget: Arthropods
Embed this widget on your site, favourite social...
Local Hero: Diane Clapp
In Nova Scotia, rug hookers promote wildlife conservation...
Widget: Birds
Embed this widget on your site, favourite social...
Widget: Lichens
Embed this widget on your site, favourite social...
Politics and the Peel
Wild and remote, the Peel watershed is one of Canada’s...
Widget: Amphibians
Embed this widget on your site, favourite social...
Widget: Molluscs
Embed this widget on your site, favourite social...
Widget: Mosses
Embed this widget on your site, favourite social...
Canadian Wildlife: May/June 2012
In the May/June 2012 issue of Canadian Wildlife: explore...
Widget: Fishes
Embed this widget on your site, favourite social...
Widget: Vascular Plants
Embed this widget on your site, favourite social...
Widget: Mammals
Embed this widget on your site, favourite social...
Take the Water Quz!
By April Overall What are you Doing to Save Canada’s...
Canada and Climate Change: On Thin Ice
By Leigh Edgar Once a leader in the fight against...
2012 Conservation Achievement Awards
The Canadian Wildlife Federation (CWF) is proud to...
2009 Conservation Achievement Awards
The Canadian Wildlife Federation (CWF) is proud to...
3RD ANNUAL OCEANS FILM FESTIVAL
This festival will provide Halifax with an exciting range...
A Dose of Love
What hormone is responsible for keeping prairie vole...
"Water" We Doing?
Have you ever noticed the gratings in streets and...
CWF and Ten Tree INSPIRE
The Canadian Wildlife Federation (CWF) is celebrating...
Burnbrae Farms Donates to CWF
Branbrae farms, a family-owned Canadian farm since 1893,...
Scientific Name
lists the botanical name (genus and species) for each of...
Common Name
lists the common name or names for each plant. Please...
Plant Type
Identifies each plant according to various accepted...
Native Province
Lists all Canadian provinces and territories for which...
Zone
Gives the hardiness zone listing for each plant where...
Habitat
Gives a brief description of the natural habitat of each...
Colour
Lists the colour of the flowering part of each plant. For...
Height at Maturity
Gives the approximate height of the plant at full size....
Light
Indicates the amount of sunlight the plant should ideally...
Moisture
Indicates the plant's preferred soil moisture. Some...
Bloom Time
Lists the time of year the plant flowers. Due to the...
Wildlife Benefit
Gives the possible use of the plant by various forms of...
Cautions
Lists some areas of concern for the selected plant. These...
Attributes
Lists some of the special qualities certain plants have...
In the blink of an eye
Roy Hancliff returns with more of his award-winning,...
Life in the Pictures
Frédéric Back’s art and an animation is renowned around...
Newsmaker: Are the Prairies About to Go Hog Wild?
The spread of wild boars has become a major headache in...
Dr. Sean Brillant on The Great Canadian Turtle Race
It's Turtle Time! CWF Marine Conservation Manager Dr....
Lucky Charms
Celebrate St. Patrick’s Day with Canada’s Very Own Lucky...
Local Hero: Joanne Goddard
Teacher Joanne Goddard is leading her students on a...
Can You Feel the Heat?
By 2100, average temperatures could rise by how many...
echinoderm
any marine invertebrate of the phylum Echinodermata,...
methane (CH4)
Methane is created when the decomposition of waste takes...
microinvertebrate
an invertebrate that is visible to the naked eye, such as...
race
a subspecies of an animal species or a variety of a plant...
waste
a solid, semi-solid, liquid, or contained gaseous...
ungulate
a hoofed mammal
carbon dioxide
A colourless, odourless gas that is naturally present in...
telework
Working remotely from home or a home office.
ice floe
a drifting sheet of ice.
natal
related to birth or being born.
ocean
a large expanse of sea. The oceans surrounding Canada are...
qiviut
the underfur of the muskox, used as wool.
salt marsh
marsh forms affected by the daily or seasonal influence...
montane
growing in, or inhabiting, mountain areas
fossil fuels
Carbon-based compounds such as coal, oil, refined...
nitrous oxide (N2O)
A colourless, non-flammable gas with a sweetish odour,...
abiotic
A non-living aspect of the environment such as light,...
bacteria
(singular: bacterium): single-celled, microscopically...
canopy
the layer formed by the leaves and branches of a forest’s...
yard up
a solid, semi-solid, liquid, or contained gaseous...
biowall
A mixture of nitrogen, oxygen and carbon dioxide, among...
carbon neutral
An equivalent amount of carbon dioxide is captured...
food mile
The distance food or produce travels from the point of...
global warming
A rise in the temperature of the atmosphere caused by an...
greenhouse gases
Vapours, such as carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane,...
dabbling ducks
ducks that frequent shallow marshes, ponds, and rivers...
family
in taxonomy, a major grouping of organisms; below an...
vascular plants
seed plants, such as flowering trees, shrubs, herbs, and...
atmosphere
A mixture of nitrogen, oxygen and carbon dioxide, among...
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)
Organic compounds made up of atoms of carbon, chlorine...
Asterism
A pattern of stars, but not officially a constellation
land-based pollution
pollution, including agricultural runoff, untreated...
underfur
the dense layer of fur, short hairs, or wool under the...
carbon cycle
This term describes the flow of carbon through the...
ocean conveyor belt
A complex heat and salt exchange system in the planet's...
antenna
(plural: antannae) A mobile appendage on the head of an...
keystone species
a species whose removal causes marked changes to a...
genus
a major category in the classification of plants,...
solar heat
Energy generated by the sun.
zero population growth
the maintenance of population numbers at a fixed level.
greenhouse effect
A rise in the temperature of the atmosphere caused by an...
heat island effect
When heat from a large urban area concentrates in a...
hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs)
Compounds that were introduced as alternatives to...
thermohaline circulation system
The flow of ocean water caused by changes in the water's...
game animal
legal designation for wild animals, usually mammals or...
pack ice
a floating mass of ice that forms in the Earth’s polar...
taiga
sparsely treed belt of subarctic forest in the Northern...
climate
Weather conditions that regularly occur in a region.
climate change
Natural and human-induced changes in climate that last...
You Asked For It
You wanted to know — so now we'll tell you! Find...
Meet Canada’s Favourite Gardener Ken Beattie at Canada Blooms
The newest member of the Canadian Wildlife Federation...
HINTERLAND WHO’S WHO AT CANADA BLOOMS
Most Canadians who had television in the 1960s or 1970s...
Natural Playground Major Attraction at Canada Blooms
The Canadian Wildlife Federation Natural Playground by...
Algae
Green, photosynthetic plants without roots or shoots....
Adroecium
Male reproductive part of a flower. It accounts for all...
Alternate leaves
Leaves arranged singly along a stem, placed on one side...
Alpine plant
A plant native to mountains, found at high elevations...
Achene
Tiny, thin-walled, dry fruit holding a single seed; e.g....
Angiosperm
One of two groups of plants (the other being gymnosperms)...
Aggregate fruit
Fruit produced from a single flower with two or more...
Adventive species
A non-native species considered locally or temporarily...
Acorn
Tough, dry nut on oak trees. Comprised of a single,...
Aeration
Water and air penetration of a soil. Also used to...
Adventitious
Structures that grow in an unusual place; e.g. roots that...
Actinomorphic
See Radial symmetry.
Amendment
Material added to improve soil quality and structure for...
Bloom
See flower.
Balanced fertilizer
A synthetic or natural fertilizer that has equal amounts...
Anther
Sac-like pollen-bearing structure at the top of the...
Arboretum
Site where trees and other plants are cultivated as a...
Berry
Fleshy fruit formed by a single ovary that has one or...
Axil
Upper angle between the stem and petiole (leaf stalk).
Armed
Equipped with thorns, prickles or spines.
Annual ring
Represents the growth of a tree in a single year, visible...
Aril
Specialized seed covering; e.g. the juicy, edible portion...
Ascending
Upward growth or orientation.
Biological control
Method of pest control where an organism, rather than...
Blade
Broad, flat, typically thin and elongated portion of a...
Basal leaves
Leaves at the very base of a stem.
Aphid
Small, soft-bodied insect that sucks sap from new, tender...
Annual
Plant that completes its whole life cycle, dies and...
Bisexual
A single flower with both male and female organs, also...
Biodiversity
The diversity or variation in the number of species found...
Biennial
Flowering plant with a two-year life cycle. A biennial...
Basal cutting
Propagation technique where a young, newly emerging shoot...
Aquatic
Plant adapted to living partly or fully in salt or fresh...
Bark
Protective external covering on trunks and branches of a...
Bacteria
Single-celled organism that does not have chlorophyll....
Bole
The section of a tree trunk below the crown, before the...
Capsule
Dry fruit with two or more carpels (female flower...
Catkin
Flower cluster with a scaly-bracted, elongated spike made...
Broadleaved tree
Tree with wide, flat leaves. Always a deciduous tree.
Bulbs
Modified stem; underground stem that stores food in...
Carpel
A female flower's reproductive organ that produces the...
Caryopsis
Fruit where the seed is fused to and surrounded by the...
Casting
Soil-like earthworm droppings produced by digesting soil,...
Chrysalis
A self-built structure that contains a caterpillar at the...
Branch
Part of a tree that grows out and reaches away from the...
Calyx
Collective term for all of the sepals on a flower. They...
Caterpillar
Larval stage of a butterfly or a moth; hatched from an egg.
Chlorosis
Loss or destruction of chlorophyll due to a nutritional...
Clay
Heavy mineral soil created by the chemical weathering of...
Compound fruit
A unit composed of more than one fruit, classified into...
Bur
Barbed fruit that clings like velcro to an animal�s fur...
Carbon dioxide
Gas that is naturally a small part of the earth�s...
Clone
Offspring produced having identical genetic structure to...
Compost
A product created from the breakdown of organic matter....
Chlorophyll
Green pigment found in the chloroplasts of leaves and...
Chloroplasts
Organelle (tiny organ) found in plant cells. They house...
Bud
Modified stem; undeveloped stem, branch, leaf or flower...
Cambium
Layer of cells responsible for producing new cells, ...
Composite flower
A type of inflorescence (flower cluster) that appears to...
Compound leaves
Leaf made up of two or more distinct leaf-like structures...
Botanical insecticide
Naturally occurring chemicals found in plants that act as...
Ciliate
Lined with cilia which are tiny finger-like or hair-like...
Clasping
Leaf base wrapped partly around the stem.
Bract
Modified leaf typically found beneath a flower or flower...
Broad
Widespread or expansive from side to side.
Capitulum
When one flower head is composed of many florets (tiny...
Compound
Composed of two or more parts, for example a compound...
Cultural Control
Controlling disease, insect or weed issues by...
Fertilizer
Substance added to soil to supply nutrients to growing...
Ericaceous
Plants belonging to the botanical family Ericaceae. They...
Flower
Modified shoot, which is usually colourful and showy,...
Cotyledon
Leaf of a developing plant within the seed that stores...
Deciduous
Trees or shrubs whose leaves fall off in autumn.
Deltoid leaves
Triangular leaf. It is widest at the base and pointed at...
Dioecious
Plants where the staminate (male) and pistillate (female)...
Disk floret
Small flower with a tube-shaped corolla (petals) that...
Endocarp
Innermost layer of the pericarp. It makes up part of a...
Eukaryote
Any organism with cells that contain organelles and a...
Evergreen
Tree that remains green throughout the year. A few leaves...
Fibrous root
Branching root system; roots all similar in size.
Flabellate leaves
Fan-shaped leaves; e.g. ginko tree leaves.
Follicle
Simple, dry fruit developed from a single carpel (female...
Cuticle
Outer, protective, waxy layer of a leaf or stem.
Emergent
Aquatic plant that grows in water with its lower half...
Corymb
Branched inflorescence (flower cluster) that is either...
Cross-pollination
Pollen from the anther (male part) of a flower on one...
Disease
Any deviation from regular metabolism that affects the...
Double flower
A flower with many extra petals, giving it a full or...
Elliptic leaves
Leaf that is widest at the middle and tapers to a point...
Coniferous
Refers to cone-bearing trees or a type of forest composed...
Cork cambium
Thin layer of live cells found on the underside of bark....
Corolla
Collective term for the petals that are usually...
Cultivar
A cultivated plant variety. These are plants with...
Drupe
Fleshy fruit from a single carpel (female reproductive...
Embryo
A young plant that is still contained within the seed.
Fertility
The availability of nutrients, water and air in the soil...
Cordate leaves
Heart-shaped leaves with a pointed tip.
Corona
Crown-like, funnel- or trumpet-shaped structure on the...
Cyme
Type of inflorescence (flower cluster) where each main...
Diameter at breast height (DBH)
Measures the size of a tree trunk's diameter at breast...
Dicotyledon
Plant with an embryo containing two cotyledons (seed...
Ferns
Vascular green plants with large leaves called fronds....
Filament
The long, slender stalk of the stamen.
Floret
A small flower, often one of many, which make up a larger...
Conifer
Trees that bear cones. They are usually evergreen, and...
Cuneate leaves
Wedge-shaped leaf. It is wide and flat at the top and...
Entire
Leaf with a smooth margin (edge).
Cone
Reproductive structure made of modified leaves. It is...
Corm
Modified stem. Short, enlarged underground stem that...
Creeper
Trailing, prostrate plant. Also refers to a trailing...
Crown
Upper portion of a tree that includes the branches and...
Cup floret
See disk floret.
Dehiscent
Abrupt opening of a plant structure at maturity, such as...
Dormancy
When physiological activity slows or stops; e.g. a lawn...
Double-toothed
Leaf margin edged with teeth where a small tooth is set...
Epiphyte
Plant that grows on another plant or structure, often for...
Exocarp
Outermost layer of the pericarp. It makes up part of a...
Drainage
Describes how water travels through the soil.
Forcing
Accelerating a plant�s growth or maturity by artificially...
Gymnosperm
One of two groups of plants (gymnosperms and angiosperms)...
Habit
Growth form or appearance of a plant; e.g. a "weeping"...
Hardy
Plant with an ability to endure frost and winter...
Limb
Large tree branch.
Lobed
Leaf margin with deep, rounded indentations that are too...
Monoculture
Growing only one crop plant over a large area; e.g. corn...
Frond
Large, divided leaf of a non-flowering plant; e.g. a fern.
Frost
Covering of very thin ice formed when a hard surface is...
Gynoecium
Female reproductive part of a flower. It accounts for all...
Herbicide
Substance that kills plants, usually weeds. Some...
Hybrid
Plant-breeding term where two similar specimens are...
Imperfect flower
Flowers with the reproductive parts of one sex...
Irregular flower
Flower with petals that are variable in shape, not...
Leaf base
The bottom part of the leaf blade. The end that is...
Leaflet
Leaf-like section on a compound leaf.
Legume
Dry fruit from a single ovary. Usually splits along two...
Mulch
Material spread over the soil to shield it from...
Mycorrhiza
Beneficial relationship between fungi and the roots of...
Naturalized species
A non-native species that is introduced to a wild area,...
Gland
Bump, or small indentation that secretes liquids such as...
Grub
Thick, whitish, curved larvae of beetles and other insect...
Loam
Soil type consisting of fine clay, medium silt and coarse...
Full shade
An area that generally receives about three hours of sun...
Ground cover
Low-growing plants that form a dense covering over the...
Hardening off
Gradual process of moving seedlings (or other plants)...
Herbaceous
Plant that does not have woody tissue. These plants are...
Incised leaves
Leaf margins that appear irregularly and sharply...
Indigenous species
See native species.
Introduced species
Species that are not originally from a given region;...
Involucre
Whorl or circle of bracts surrounding an inflorescence...
Lenticel
Subtly raised pore on bark that allows for gas exchange;...
Lichens
Lichens are composed of a fungus and an algae that live...
Microorganism
Organism too small to see with the naked eye. A...
Moss
Small plant without flowers or seeds that reproduces via...
Gall
Abnormal plant growth such as a bulge on the side of a...
Hardwood
Wood from a dicot, angiosperm tree in temperate and...
Heirloom
Any cultivar that was commonly grown by people in the...
Humus
A stable material in soil made from the breakdown of...
LD50
Measure of toxicity. It describes the lethal dose...
leafstalk
Connects leaf blade to main stem of a plant. Also known...
Monoecious
Having both male and female parts on the same plant but...
Mould
Not a true plant, but rather a microscopic fungus.
Full sun
An area that receives about six hours or more of direct sun.
Fungus
Not a true plant; includes mushrooms, toadstools and...
Hesperidium
Fruit with a leathery rind that makes up the ovary wall,...
Linear leaves
Long, thin, strip-like leaves.
Lip petal
Enlarged petal on the lower half of some flowers; e.g....
Leaf tip
The top portion of the leaf blade.
Modified stem
This stem looks and grows differently from a conventional...
Monocotyledon
A plant with an embryo containing one cotyledon (seed...
Multiple fruit
Fruit formed from several clustered flowers, where the...
Native species
A species that has lived and evolved in a specific area...
Fruit
Ripened or mature ovary or pistil of a flowering plant.
Germination
Sprouting or emergence of a seed, spore or pollen grain...
Guard cell
Special cells found on the surface of leaves and stems....
Hypanthium
Joining of the calyx (sepals) and corolla (petals) to...
Invasive species
Introduced species that compete for resources and space...
Leaf margin
Edge or perimeter of a leaf.
Heartwood
Dead wood at the centre of the tree, which no longer...
Inflorescence
Flower cluster. The arrangement of flowers on a stem with...
Keel
Sharp ridge or rib-like structure at the base of two...
Lanceolate leaves
Lance-shaped leaf; longer than wide, tapered at both ends...
Larvae
A juvenile phase in the life cycle of many anImals such...
Mesocarp
Middle layer of the pericarp. It makes up part of a fruit.
Midrib
Central vein that runs the length of a leaf blade.
Pinnately lobed
Leaves with lobes extending from both sides of the...
Non-vascular plant
A plant that lacks a complex vascular system. Unlike...
Node
Places on a stem where leaves or branches originate.
Oblanceolate leaf
Lance-shaped leaf that is longer than wide. It tapers at...
Ovary
Swollen base of the pistil which develops into a fruit.
Palmately compound
More than three leaflets are directly on the petiole. The...
Perianth
Collective term for petals and sepals.
Pesticides
Substance used to regulate, eliminate or repel an...
Phloem
Tissue that circulates food and nutrients produced by the...
Pinching back
Cutting back a small portion of a branch or stem to...
Pinna
The individual leaf-like structures on a leaflet.
Pathogen
Disease-creating organism.
Pepo
Fruit where a hard rind makes up the ovary wall; e.g....
Pericarp
Fruit wall arising from the ovary wall. It is composed of...
Petiole
Stalk of a leaf. It links the leaf to the stem.
Prokaryote
Any organism with DNA not contained by a membrane within...
Prostrate
Plant that grows flat along the ground.
Nut
Fruit consisting of a hard or toughened shell with a seed...
Obcordate leaf
Heart-shaped leaf with a pointed base.
Palmately lobed
Leaves with three or more divisions or lobes radiating...
Perfect flower
Single flower with both male and female reproductive...
Pistil
Female part of a flower. A collective term for the...
Pollinators
Animals that transport pollen--mainly insects, but also...
Reniform leaves
Kidney-shaped leaves.
Nectar
Sugary liquid produced by flowering plants in a small...
Non-native species
A species that is introduced to a new area or habitat...
Nucleus
An organelle responsible for controlling all of a...
Opposite leaves
Leaves that grow in pairs from the same point on either...
Organelle
Specific part of a cell that performs a specialized...
Organic fertilizer
Fertlizer derived from a plant or animal--something that...
Organic matter
Material from a source that was once alive.
Perennial
Plant with a life span greater than two years.
Perfoliate
Leaf base that wraps entirely around the stem. It appears...
pH (Power of hydrogen)
Measure of acidity or alkalinity of a substance. The pH...
Pinnately compound
Type of leaflet where the pinna (individual leaf-like...
Pistillate flower
Female flower that bears the female reproductive structures.
Raceme
Long central stalk with a cluster of flowers along the...
Obovate leaf
Leaf that is widest at the top and tapers toward the base.
Petal
This colourful flower part collectively makes up the...
Photosynthesis
Process by which a plant makes food for itself. The...
Prickles
Short, woody, sharp structures found on stems, leaves and...
Pupa
Life stage of a holometabolous insect (an insect that...
Nematodes
Small roundworms that live in the soil as well as many...
Organic
A natural, earth-friendly gardening style where synthetic...
Ovate leaf
Egg-shaped leaf that is wider at the base, with a rounded...
Pollen
Tiny grains formed in the anthers that produce the male...
Pollen sac
Top portion of the stamen, which contains the pollen...
Propagation
Reproduction of plants via seeds or spores (sexual...
Radial symmetry
Implies symmetry (proportion) along multiple axes from a...
Ray floret
A small flower with a strap-shaped corolla. They are...
Receptacle
Enlarged area at the end of the pedicel where flower...
Pollination
Transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma. This is...
Pome
Has many seeds and carpels. The outer half of the...
Needles
Needle-like modified leaves of coniferous trees; e.g....
N:P:K
Abbreviation representing the ratio of three major...
Oblong leaf
Rectangular-shaped leaf with rounded corners.
Ovule
Seed before fertilization. The immature ovule is found in...
Panicle
Branched groups of flowers, where each branch is a raceme.
Pappus
Modified calyx (sepal). It is a bristle or scale on...
Parasite
Organism that acquires its nutritional needs by taking...
Part shade
An area that receives about three to six hours of...
Peat moss
Sold as a soil amendment, it is partly decomposed plants...
Pedicel
Stalk or stem of a single flower within an inflorescence...
Pod
Dry fruit that opens along two edges at maturity; e.g....
Sandy soil
Soil type that is well drained and nutrient poor. It has...
Silique
Fruit where the carpels separate at maturity leaving...
Simple leaf
Leaf with a blade that is not divided.
Solarization
Chemical-free method of killing weeds and pathogens....
Stoma
Pore-like structures on a leaf�s surface surrounded by...
Thorns
Sharp, needle-like modified stems; e.g. hawthorns.