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Wild About Gardening

Discover the benefits of wildlife-friendly gardening, learn about Canadian plants and animals and find out how you can attract local and migratory wildlife to your outdoor haven.

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Habitat Protection
CWF calls for habitat protection as an independent review...
Bottom Trawling
Examining the state of bottom trawling laws and...
Wildlife Contacts
Don’t know who to talk to on a wildlife topic or issue?...
Turtle Crossings
The perils turtles face and tips so you can help turtles...
Coon Commando
A letter from reader from a reader who encountered a very...
Family Planning — Climate currents, caplin and kittiwakes
For the black-legged kittiwakes nesting on the steep...
The buzz on bees
Let’s face it — most bees are generally misunderstood and...
Five Canadian Species You Should Know
This month’s Take Five focuses on Canadian wildlife; five...
Kids Gone Wild
Novotel is offering a kids’ package called kids gone wild...
HWW’s Newest Webisode Hits the Web
Hinterland Who’s Who recently launched its newest...
Schools Aren’t Only Going Green, They’re Going Blue!
Students at the Chilliwack Education Centre are helping...
You Won’t Be-leaf It ‘Till You See It!
As the days become cooler and shorter, it is time to go...
Your Connection to Wildlife
When I was thinking about what to write for this issue I...
Get Wise — Get E-News!
FREE! Sign up for one or more of CWF’s numerous online...
The Envirothon Challenge
Congratulations to students at the West Hill Secondary...
Bateman Contest Winners
Congratulations to the 2008 winners of the Robert...
Congratulations to our Award Winners!
CWF congratulates the winners of the 2008 Conservation...
Funding News
CWF’s Funding Program has once again awarded financial...
The Climate Change Blog
Kermit the frog had it right; it isn’t easy being green -...
Wild About Gardening Continues to Grow
We’ve dug deep and replanted. We’ve redirected and made...
Fifth-Graders Raise Dollars for the Peregrine
They’re only 10-years-old, but Morgan Young and Claire...
Hard Work and Initiative Generates Outdoor Learning
With the co-operation of landowners Jim Beck and the...
Our young conservationist strikes again!
You may remember seeing Amanda profiled in a previous CWF...
Please Save Snakes
One of Canada’s youngest nature crusaders sent CWF a...
Saving Wildlife at 16
At the age of 16, Jeff Howard has done more for wildlife...
Can’t See the Forest for the TVs
Even though it’s still making headlines, it shouldn’t be...
PhotoScapes: Polar Bears are Standing on Thin Ice
Environment Canada research scientist and guest speaker...
Five Alternative Energy Sources Explained
This month’s Take Five takes a closer look at five...
Discouraging Masked Diggers
Learn why racoons and skunks dig up your lawn and what...
Insect runs rampant; kills millions of trees in Western Canada
Mountain pine beetle infestation is killing trees at an...
Be Alerted By The Latest News
Save time, energy and money by subscribing to CWF’s free...
How You Contribute to Conservation
Learn how CWF funding dollars are divided.
Arctic Hare Caption Contest Winners
We can always count on your caption submissions to give...
Wild About Music
On April 20, in Toronto, CWF and OPERAencore! presented...
Thinking Outside the Bag!
“If you don’t take a bag, we’ll give the cost of the bag...
Canadian Wildlife Federation Awards
The Canadian Wildlife Federation (CWF) is proud to...
CWF Re-Elects PEI Native as Board President
The Canadian Wildlife Federation (CWF) is proud to...
The CWF and National Wildlife Federation partnership
The Canadian Wildlife Federation (CWF) and U.S. National...
Creepy Cuisine Around the World
Happy Halloween and bon appétit from this month’s Take...
White-Nose Bat Syndrome – Coming to Canada?
Bats may stow themselves away in caves, mines, attics or...
Conserving the Eastern Yellow-Bellied Racer
In spring 2008, the Canadian Wildlife Federation provided...
Scary Times for Canadian Wildlife
Are you looking for a fright this Halloween? Look no...
Give ‘em Shelter
Looking to bring a little life to the dead of winter this...
Searching for Songbirds
Q. Is there a decline in the number of songbirds? I...
Make Your Home Energy-Efficient This Winter
Does your blood pressure rise with energy prices at the...
Sharing Inspiration
n today’s world, getting inspired is not always easy. All...
To Migrate or Not to Migrate?
This month’s Take Five is the first of a two-part feature...
Small Really Is Beautiful
Tiny yards, patios and even balconies can nurture nature...
Southern Sojourner
Climate change sends the opossum into the Great White North.
A Pond Predicament
In some parts of Canada, wildlife is not dominant in the...
To Migrate or Not To Migrate: Canada’s True Snow Birds
This month’s Take Five is the second part of a two month...
O’ Christmas Tree
Christmas crunch time. You’ve got five holiday parties to...
Surviving the Storm: Wildlife in Winter
Winter. Some of us stow ourselves away, drinking hot...
Countdown to 2010
As you sit down to make your New Year’s resolutions for...
Manufactured Habitat
Q. With ice melting due to climate change, is there any...
The Art of Nature
On October 2, 2008, eight of Canada and the United...
Ice Ice Baby!
Ever wonder how icicles are formed? When the ice or snow...
CWF Funding Contributes to Advances in Polar Bear Research
Thanks in part to funding provided by the Canadian...
On the right track
Workers begin the installation. CWF is the first official...
Helping hands
An Ottawa solar technician lays the groundwork for CWF's...
Banking on the future
An array of solar panels creates a photovoltaic bank of...
New Heights for Climate Change
The Canadian Wildlife Federation inspires Canadians to...
What CWF is doing in the fight against climate change
CWF wants Canadians to get involved in climate change...
Let the sun shine
At CWF we took another step to reduce our carbon...
New Year’s Resolutions ― Think Green
This month’s Take Five focuses on helping you make your...
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
The UN climate convention was held in Poznan, Poland from...
Know Your Snow
We happily catch it on our tongues and begrudgingly...
Spring Fever! Dating and Mating in the Wild
The ruffle of a feather, an elaborate dance, long swims...
Green Your Valentine’s Day
Think you’ve got Casanova’s moves down? Lights down low?...
Inspirational Wildlife Tales
For our Valentine’s Day edition of Take Five we’re...
CWF Press Releases - 2008
Get all the Canadian Wildlife Federation press releases...
Night Watch
Do you remember gazing at the stars when you were a kid...
Issues Update: Species at Risk
Did you know there are 23 new species proposed to be...
How Animals Survive the Arctic Tundra
The Arctic tundra, a snowy biome that is housed within...
Searching for Signs of Spring
Spring. Leading groundhog authorities and the calendar...
Eye Spy
Q. How Do Owls See At Night to Hunt?
CWF Launches National Wildlife Week and new conservation partnerships in Whistler
CWF Launches National Wildlife Week and new conservation...
Meet the New President
After sitting on the board for 16 years, Larry Leigh will...
Kids for Turtles
Kermit the Frog once said, “It’s not easy being green.”...
Crowning Glory
With over 25 million Canadians caught up in the hustle...
Get Crafty with Wildlife!
Create unique greeting cards, invitations and decorative...
Your Connection to Wildlife
The Byrds had it right. To everything, there is a season....
Chipmunk Captions Contest Winners
We can always count on your caption submissions to give...
Rivers to Oceans Week
How can Canadians join together to make a difference for...
Nominate an Outstanding Wildlife Conservationist Today!
Do you know someone who is actively involved in wildlife...
Broken Flight
Q. We have a robin who has been flinging itself at our...
Our Home and Native Plants
Canada is home to thousands of identified native plant...
Taking Root: Five Widespread Native Plants!
In celebration of National Wildlife Week, this month’s...
Discover Our Roots
O Canada! Our home and native plants – yes you read it...
Clearing the Way for Native Species
Q: How do I remove non-native invasive plants from my...
Spring Ka-Ching!
We’ve got spring fever! This season CWF is divvying up...
Close Encounters of the Animal Kind
Picture a beautiful day with sparking sun, cloudless sky...
Thinking Small: Five of Canada’s Smallest Mammals!
For this month’s edition of Take Five we’ll be...
The Robert Bateman Get to Know Contest
A $5,000 sponsorship helps Canadian kids connect with...
Spring Cleaning the Great Outdoors!
Everyone likes a little help with spring cleaning, and...
H2OurLife: Now is Not Soon Enough
Art students from Michael A. Riffel High School in Regina...
CWF Develops International Approaches to Water Conservation
The Canadian Wildlife Federation is developing new...
Canada’s Navigable Waters Protection Act
Pushing to amend Canada’s Navigable Waters Protection Act...
Rivers to Oceans - Surface water webisode
Half of North America gets drinking water from rivers and...
Rivers to Oceans - Conserve and Protect
The quality and quantity of our fresh water resources are...
Rivers to Oceans - Conserve and Protect - 30s
The quality and quantity of our fresh water resources are...
Rivers to Oceans - Conserve and Protect webisode
The quality and quantity of our fresh water resources are...
Rivers to Oceans - Groundwater
The earth can be a wonderful filtration system, but some...
Rivers to Oceans - Groundwater - 30s
The earth can be a wonderful filtration system, but some...
Rivers to Oceans - Groundwater Webisode
The earth can be a wonderful filtration system, but some...
Rivers to Oceans - Storm water webisode
There are 3 sets of pipes under our streets; drinking...
Rivers to Oceans - Stormwater
There are 3 sets of pipes under our streets; drinking...
Rivers to Oceans - Stormwater - 30s
There are 3 sets of pipes under our streets; drinking...
Rivers to Oceans - Surface Water
Half of North America gets drinking water from rivers and...
Rivers to Oceans - Surface Water - 30s
Half of North America gets drinking water from rivers and...
Rivers to Oceans - Waste water
What we put down our sinks and toilets goes through a...
Rivers to Oceans - Waste water - 30s
What we put down our sinks and toilets goes through a...
Rivers to Oceans - Waste water webisode
What we put down our sinks and toilets goes through a...
CWF Launches New Wildlife Conservation Learning Institute this July at Acadia
The Canadian Wildlife Federation is now accepting...
CWF Navigates Troubled Waters During Rivers to Oceans Week
The Canadian Wildlife Federation is urging Canadians to...
Restore a Ribbon of Life
Help promote biodiversity along Canada’s shorelines by...
Water Worlds: Five Forms of Water in Canada
In this month’s edition of Take Five we’ll identify five...
Six Mile Lake Conservationists Club
Citizen scientists turn the tide on developers and ensure...
Discovering the World of Animal Tracks
Tracking is like a doorway to a greater understanding of...
Bob Gruszecki Receives 2009 CWF Outdoorsperson of the Year Award
Bob Gruszecki from Calgary, Alberta has been awarded the...
Gary Breitkreuz: Co-recipient of 2009 CWF Past Presidents Award
Gary Breitkreuz from Saskatchewan is the co-recipient of...
Larry Bagnell: Co-recipient of 2009 CWF Past Presidents Award
Larry Bagnell from the Yukon is the co-recipient of the...
Rachel Hacking: Rachel Hacking: 2009 CWF Youth Conservation Award Winner
Rachel Hacking of Stratford, Ontario has been awarded the...
Don Trethewey Receives 2009 CWF Roland Michener Conservation Award
Don Trethewey from Kamloops, British Columbia has been...
Mario Viboux receives the 2009 Roderick Haig-Brown CWF Conservation Award
Mario Viboux receives the 2009 Roderick Haig-Brown CWF...
Hinterland Who’s Who Filming in Saskatchewan
The Canadian Wildlife Federation is pleased to announce...
Helping Wildlife Adapt
Q. Lately I’ve been hearing a lot about climate change...
Beating the Heat
When our blood begins to boil under the blazing summer...
Where the Wild Things Grow
CWF’s WILD School funding helps Scott Young Public School...
Summer in the City: Canada’s Hottest Cities
In this month’s edition of Take Five we’ll take you on a...
Your Wildlife Videos
Learning and teaching about wildlife can be fun and easy...
Great Horned Owl
With piercing yellow eyes and pointy, tufted ears, the...
Mosquito
Find out about our featured species. You’re sure to learn...
Staycationing in Style
Staying home for your summer vacation is a great way to...
Ecotourism: A Sweet Escape
The hot summer sun heats up the streets of the city, the...
Wildlife Encounters!
For this month’s Take Five, we’re featuring stories of...
Burn Out
Q. What impact do the wildfires occurring in B.C. have on...
Balancing Act
How your garden can coexist with wildlife
Forest Fires: All Your Burning Questions Answered
With their destructive effect on Canada’s western...
Grow Seedlings of Hope
We take trees for granted. Without them, life on our...
Five Reasons for Fall Foliage
With warm patio weather a thing of the past, Mother...
The Harvest
You’ve spent countless hours digging in the garden and...
Endangered Species: Wildlife Needs Your Help
As a national wildlife conservation organization, the...
Fall 2009: Your Connection to Wildlife
I’m good with change — always have been. But I know this...
Water Colour World
Canada holds more than one-fifth of the Earth’s fresh...
Bald Eagle Captions Contest Winners
Everyone loved this little fuzzball!
Fall 2009: CWF Online
Check out what's new this fall at...
CWF needs your help to save some of Canada’s most iconic species
From the snow capped mountains of British Columbia to the...
Baffling Bats
The Canadian Wildlife Foundation recently donated $5,000...
Spotted Joe-pye weed
A.K.A.: Joe-pye weed, purple boneset, spotted trumpetweed
Striped Skunk
Despite its reputation, the striped skunk (Mephitis...
Raccoon
Common in many North American cities, the raccoon will...
The Creepy Crawly Crew
By Sarah Jones From spiders to snakes, there are plenty...
Trick or treat!
By Stacey Scott Every Halloween, troops of tykes make...
Light Bright
Q. I switched my regular light bulbs to Compact...
CWF Welcomes New Canadians
The Canadian Wildlife Federation was honoured to...
Become a special friend of wildlife
By becoming a monthly donor, you help CWF save time,...
We Remember in November
This month, CWF is taking five to remember. November 11...
On the Move
Q. How do migratory species remember where to go?
The Way We Were
By April Overall A lesson from your grandpa: “You’ve got...
Canada’s Lost Species
By Leigh Edgar Extinction isn't exclusive to species on...
Mountain Spring Nature Retreat Wins CWF Award
The wildlife that calls the Mountain Spring Nature...
It’s a Wrap!
Q. How can I reduce waste during the holidays?
Gifts You Can Give to Wildlife
Have you made your list and checked it twice? Don’t...
The Climate Crisis Takes Centre Stage
In the past century, the average temperature of the Earth...
Canada Needs to Follow Through for Developing Countries
Canada needs to quickly follow through with financial...
Assessing Our Wildlife Future
The assessment of 28 wildlife species by the Committee on...
CWF’s New Year’s Resolutions
The year 2010 is upon us, and what better way to ring in...
Let’s Hear It for the Little Guys
Q. I’ve heard that many reptile and amphibian species are...
What percentage of mammals is at risk across the globe?
What percentage of mammals is at risk across the globe?
Subzero Survival
By April Overall and Pam Logan With temperatures...
The Low Down on the IUCN Red List
By Stephanie Bonner Au revoir. Auf wiedersehen. Sayonara....
Wood Poppy (Stylophorum diphyllum)
Consider yourself privileged to catch a glimpse of this...
Feed The Birds
Don’t worry — there’s nothing wrong with providing food...
Salt Of The Earth
When snow and freezing rain descend, Canadians’ weapon of...
Bog Willow (Salix pedicellaris)
RELATIVES: many members of the willow family Salicaceae,...
Orca Whale
The orca (orcinus orca), often called the killer whale,...
Room for Rodents
Keep an open mind about mice and their cousins
Help Pollinators!
What you can do to help pollinators
National Wildlife Week is Buzzing About Pollinators
The Canadian Wildlife Federation is showcasing the value...
The Buzz on Pollinators: Pass it on
A picnic isn’t a picnic without a few unwelcome guests:...
Backing Up Developing Countries
During the Copenhagen summit, the U.S., Japan and several...
Protecting Procreation for Canada’s Species
By Megan FindlayAs the days get longer and the nights...
Only You
By April Overall and Sarah JonesIn a wild world that...
Hope for the Eastern Hog-nosed Snake
As the days get longer and the nights grow warm, many...
Wild Nights
What could be more romantic than running away with your...
CWF Olympic Art Installation Focuses on Water Conservation
The Canadian Wildlife Federation’s new and innovative art...
The Shelf Life of the Northern Bottlenose Whale
As a non-migratory species, the northern bottlenose...
Five Activities for Your Walk
Don’t traipse along without purpose! Get a mission and...
The Butterfly Effect
Every autumn, approximately 60 million butterflies fly...
Walk for Wildlife
By Stephanie BonnerThere’s no question that Canadians...
CWF Conservation Awards Call For Nominations
OTTAWA— The deadline for CWF’s Conservation Achievement...
CWF helps create One Ocean Pledge actions
March 15, 2010 - The Canadian Wildlife Federation is a...
CWF and Chalk Art Festival Celebrate Biodiversity
March 24, 2010 – The Canadian Wildlife Federation and the...
Wood poppy (Stylophorum diphyllum)
RELATIVES: pale poppy (Papaver alboroseum), Arctic poppy...
Feed The Birds
Keep an open mind about mice and their cousins
CWF Launches $1-million Endangered Species Program
March 25, 2010 — The Canadian Wildlife Federation is...
Where is Biodiversity the Greatest?
The southern hemisphere is home to the greatest level of...
Creating a Buzz
Launched during National Wildlife Week 2009, CWF’s...
Mole Control
When the snow melted, we noticed our lawn is riddled with...
The Native Alpines of Newfoundland
When most people think of alpine plants, visions of the...
Canada’s Plants in Peril
By Sarah CoulberCanada is home to some of the...
Canada Lynx
This secretive, hard-to-spot resident of Canada’s...
Dense-Flowered Lupine (Lupinus densiflorus)
many members of the family Fabaceae, including Prairie...
Bringing Diversity Home
When it comes to gardening, 2010 is the perfect time to...
Cannibalized Cubs
Shrinking and late-forming ice is forcing the polar bears...
Big Horne Sheep Captions Contest Winners
Your captions for these horned creatures were hilarious —...
Five Alternatives to Pesticides
Spring has sprung, and along with the flowers in our...
When Pests Infest
How can I get rid of aphids on my plants?
The Cod Conundrum
When John Cabot sailed along the coast of Newfoundland in...
Water Works
By April OverallThe minute it seems Jack Frost has bid...
CWF Supports COSEWIC’s Wildlife Species Assessment
The Canadian Wildlife Federation supports the Committee...
Pledge to Protect the Ocean
Did you know that every second breath we take is actually...
Green Gardening
By Sarah CoulberAs we move through our day, we make...
Rivers to Oceans - Wetlands - 30s
Wetlands play an important role in sustaining...
Rivers to Oceans - Wetlands - 60s
Wetlands play an important role in sustaining...
Rivers to Oceans - Wetlands webisode
Wetlands play an important role in sustaining...
Pesky Potato Bugs
How can I control potato bugs?
What’s in Our Water?
Ahh, finally! June is here! Time to embrace summer’s...
Mixing Oil and Water
By Pam LoganWe have all been following the news reports...
Rivers to Oceans Week
By April OverallCanada boasts the longest coastline in...
Snakes – Making Friends
The snake story is very dear to my heart for it began...
CWF Recognizes Outstanding Schools
June 21, 2010 – The Canadian Wildlife Federation has...
Cottaging au Naturel: Get Your Summer on While Protecting Wildlife
By Megan FindlayYou’re ready for summer. You’ve got...
It’s All Fun and Games Until…
By Aaron KylieGoing to the lake is a favourite summer...
Set Sail at the Summer Institute
The Canadian Wildlife Federation Learning Institute is...
Set Sail with Us
By Heather Robison and April OverallWater never ceases to...
Designing Sustainable Landscapes
In an age of urban sprawl, failing infrastructure,...
Up on the Roof
On a sunny day — a good omen for the upcoming solar...
Looking Bleak: The Future of Canada’s Forests
By Megan FindlayThe woods are lovely this time of year:...
Snug as a Bug
Q. How can I help insects overwinter in my yard?
The Science of Migration
By April OverallWhat if the only way you could get from...
Gardening with Native Canadian Plants
Landscaping with native wildflowers and grasses for...
Making Healthy Choices — Going Organic
According to the Audubon, 136 million pounds (61,689...
Ten Easy Steps to Build a Container Garden Oasis
Container gardening is presently the fastest growing...
Ozone Layer 101
By Sara ChesiukWe’ve all heard about the ozone...
Good News!
Each November we recognize those who have given us the...
CWF at COP16: Education Can Change the Climate
Nov. 22, 2010 – The Canadian Wildlife Federation...
On the Fly
Turns out turtles and alligators aren’t the only...
Finch Finder
Q. We used to have dozens of finches coming to our...
Think Fast!
By April OverallWith rising temperatures due to climate...
Let It Snow
Although winter doesn’t officially arrive until...
Have a Holly, Jolly Christmas
Q. I’m looking to spruce up my backyard with...
Why Grow Native Plants?
Many of the popular plants in today’s gardens are...
Shrub Solutions
Q. How can I keep deer and moose away from my shrubs...
New Year, New You
By April OverallNew Year’s resolutions....
Testosterone Overload
By Stephanie PoffIn the animal kingdom, most species use...
Frozen Froggy
Q. What’s needed to overwinter frogs?
Love is in the Air
For this edition of Take Five, we’re getting...
The Tracking of the Shrew
The Canadian Wildlife Foundation is granting $4,000 to...
Montreal-Trudeau Airport Presents Three New Photo Exhibitions
Feb 02, 2011 08:00 ETMontreal-Trudeau Airport Presents...
CWF is a Premier Partner in an Award-Winning Boating Seminar
QUEBEC – December 7 / CNW Telbec / - Winner of the...
Fallen Feathered Friends
By Terri-lee ReidQ. I found a baby bird that has fallen...
Oh Baby, I Love Your Way
By Stephanie PoffMarch is typically a time when we see...
What's the purpose of birds' annual migration?
On top of their annual migration to warmer climes and...
How many forest fires occur every year in Canada?
How many forest fires occur every year in Canada? A....
How many plants are at risk in Canada?
How many plants are at risk in Canada?
Of the two native mistletoe species in North America, which is considered a pest?
Of the two native mistletoe species in North America,...
Where is biodiversity the greatest?
Where is biodiversity the greatest? Northern hemisphere,...
Atlantic cod growth
Since 2007, Atlantic cod stocks in the Grand Banks region...
Ruby-throated hummingbird in migration
The ruby-throated hummingbird hitches a ride on larger...
In a year, how many people go whale watching across the globe?
In a year, how many people go whale watching across the...
How many freshwater fish are at risk in Canada?
How many freshwater fish are at risk in Canada? A. 24B....
Groundhogs and their shadows
Whether the groundhog sees its shadow or not on Groundhog...
Which bird lays the smallest eggs?
Which bird lays the smallest eggs?a. The ruby-throated...
The Year of the Turtle
By April OverallThese slow moving fellas might not be...
CWF and Whistler Blackcomb Unveil Wildlife Signs
March 2, 2011 - The Canadian Wildlife Federation and...
Biography of Dr. Yves Jean
Beside his participation in different national and...
Look Who’s Walking!
By Natalie GillisNeed some inspiration for your Walk for...
The Reign of the Rainforest
By Annie LangoisThink rainforests are exclusive to the...
Wounded Wildlife
Ever wondered how to help an injured animal? We’ve...
Test Your Migration Knowledge
How far can the Canada goose travel in one day? a. 500...
Walk for Wildlife
Take a walk on the wild side to celebrate National...
Five Reasons to Walk in the Great Outdoors
Get outside with your friends or family and explore...
Catharine Parr Traill
By April Overall A tribute to Canada’s floral...
The Good, the Bad and the Ugly
By Natalie Gillis Get to know the bugs in your backyard....
Wasp Worries
Getting stung by a wasp is not an ideal way to end a...
Hose Woes
What per cent of water used at home do Canadians use on...
Spring Funding for At-risk Species
We’ve done it again! CWF is funding another round...
Colour Your World
From ballet slipper pink to bright blue, the vivid...
Parks Canada Celebrates 100th birthday!
May 19, 2011 marks the 100th birthday of the...
Is this Goodnight?
A mysterious fungal infection killing bats in the U.S....
Postal Strike Will Impact Wildlife Conservation Support
The Canadian Wildlife Federation, along with other...
Great Bouquets with Native Plants
One of my favourite reasons for watching the current...
Feed the Birds
Mary Poppins might have condoned feeding the birds, but...
Splish Splashin’ Around
By Stephanie Poff Celebrate the watersheds in your...
Water Watch
Get your popcorn ready and enjoy a water flick this weekend!
Reviewing the Risks
Know which species are at-risk? Keep up to date on...
Endangered Species on the Brink
The Canadian Wildlife Federation is kicking off the New...
COP 16
The heat is on in Cancún, Mexico, this December....
CWF Gives Top Marks to School Habitat Projects
The Canadian Wildlife Federation is recognizing several...
Stepping Up to the Plate
The Canadian Wildlife Foundation’s Funding Program...
Take Five: Top Five Risks to Birds in Your Backyard
Your backyard might be teeming with risks to the...
What percentage of birds bond with just one mate?
What percentage of birds bond with just one mate? a. 40...
The Cat’s Me-OW
There’s no doubt Fluffykins is the perfect feline...
When Aliens Invade
Forget flying saucers and crop circles. We’ve got...
Spotty Luck for the Spotted Turtle
The spotted turtle (Clemmys guttata), has 104...
Separation Anxiety for Woodland Caribou
The largest of the caribou subspecies, the woodland...
Join CWF at Tall Ships
September 16, 2010 – With the leaves turning...
Thump.
What should you do if a bird hits your window?
Friends of the Forest
By Annie LangloisThe world’s forests cover 31 per...
Falling to Pieces
By April Overall How would you like it if your home...
Set Sail With Us
Climb aboard the tall ships along the St. Lawrence.
It’s True: Every Bit Counts
Even small steps toward greener living have immediate...
Breathe Easier
One tree can provide a day’s oxygen for how many...
CWF Celebrates Literacy Day with new Wild Classes of the Year program
In celebration of International Literacy Day, September...
National Forest Week
National Forest Week
CWF Launches All Access Adventure Auction
An amazing opportunity to go white water rafting in the...
Only Three Days Left to Bid on the All Access Adventure
Can you survive if you miss out on a once in a lifetime...
Stress in the City
By April Overall Is your city stressing you out? Mother...
Celebrating the Unconference
By Stephanie Poff At CWF, fostering an appreciation of...
Cover Up!
Adding mulch to your garden is easy, and you’ll be...
Toilet Training
Your backyard isn’t a spot to powder your nose....
Get Outside, Raise a Genius
Schools that have environmental education programs score...
Nova Scotia Couple Looks Forward to All Access Adventure
A rural Nova Scotia couple is looking forward to a thrill...
How to Make the Most of …It
You’ve got to do something with the tonnes of...
CWF Launches New Summer Institute in Nova Scotia
The Canadian Wildlife Federation Learning Institute is...
Fall 2009 News
What's new this fall at CWF.
CWF Celebrates its First 50 Years of Conservation
Conservationists from across the country are in Ottawa...
CWF supports Youth Drawn to Nature
When it comes to conservation, Colin Starkevich is a...
CWF’s All Access Adventure Inspiring
David and Kimberley MacLean’s All Access Adventure...
Mouse in the House
What to do when you hear the ‘squeak, squeak’...
Plan for Obsolescence
Shop carefully for electronics. Your landfill will thank you
CWF Youth Helps Bring the Conservation Movement to New Heights of Understanding
For 16-year old Delaney Losier, a trip across Canada to...
The Green Party
The holidays are about living large: lots of fun, food...
CWF Showcases Arctic Videos at Climate Conference
The Canadian Wildlife Federation will showcase some of its
The Christmas Party Hop
By April Overall Plan a holiday party that Martha and...
Seeing Red
Getting a sudden influx of lady bugs in your house? Shoo...
Faking It
How many years will it take for an artificial Christmas...
From the Arctic to Africa
By Heather Robison Change is in Our Hands at COP 17
Winter is for the birds
How make your garden a cold-weather refuge
No Stone Unturned
We were thwarted in our search for salamanders, but...
Honouring the Past — Ensuring the Legacy
By Louise Hanlon CWF Celebrates Its First 50 Years of...
Salamander in the Snow
What to Do if You Find This Amphibian Outside When the...
Firm Footing
Before You Start Sprinkling Salt on Your Icy Driveway,...
Let It Snow
How many snowflakes cover our country every year?A. ...
Creation of Gardens along the Prescott-Russell Recreational Trail
On Wednesday, May 25th, the kindergarten students of...
At the Heart of the Matter
By April Overall A Closer Look at the Tickers of...
Winter Wildlife: The Clues Are All Around
Our backyards, parks and nature trails can be great...
Threat Assessment
How many species in Canada are endangered or at risk?
Going, going…
Canada’s five most endangered habitats — in...
Life with SARA
Chances are, you’ve never seen a nooksack dace....
CWF is Proud to Partner with the Canadian Museum of Nature to Bring Whales Exhibit to Canada
Whales Tohorā: The Exhibition, an internationally touring...
CWF Certifies Nova Scotia Town “Wildlife Friendly”
The Canadian Wildlife Federation is pleased to announce a...
Migration Moment
How many migratory bird species stop over in Canada en...
Protect Your Pooch
Is Fido Safe From the Coyotes Roaming Your...
Burn Brightly, Burn Cleanly
Stay Warm This Winter—Guilt Free.
Gardener's Gold
So often we go about our day, forgetting that ultimately...
CWF Concerned about Potential Changes to the Federal Fisheries Act
ALERT March 29, 2012 | CWF Concerned about Potential...
Canadian Wildlife Federation Joins in Rebuild of High Park Playground in Toronto
The Canadian Wildlife Federation is lending its support...
Building a Toad Shelter
A quick and easy outdoor project, adding a toad home to...
Canadian Wildlife Federation seeks details from federal budget
The Canadian Wildlife Federation says some elements of...
A Tropical Getaway
Why does the sharp-shinned hawk migrate to tropic and...
Love Those Sticks and Stones
If you want to create a natural feel in your garden, add...
Walk for Wildlife
By Claire Preston Get ready to strut your stuff for...
Keeping cats indoors is for the birds…and the cats
Most gardeners are accustomed not only to wild visitors,...
CWF Launches National Wildlife Week with Art, Action and Adventure
Take a walk on the wild side, create a piece of art...
CWF acknowledges RocketOwl
The Canadian Wildlife Federation would like to...
Schools Recognized for Outstanding Habitat Projects
The Canadian Wildlife Federation is pleased to announce...
Chalk it all up to fun May 12 in Gananoque
Love the Outdoors is the theme of Gananoque’s Chalk...
Love Your Lake
By April Overall Show your cottage some love by making it...
CWF Takes Centre Stage
By Pam Logan Join CWF at Water in a World of Seven...
Mindboggling Mesh
Is using mesh the best way to protect birds in your...
The Buzz on Bees
How many bee species live in Canada?A. 50B. 300C. ...
Every Drop Counts
Here’s How to Start Cutting Back on Your Water...
Question #6 out of 10
Beauty queens, listen up! How do you get rid of unwanted...
Question #7 out of 10
Your neighbours would agree you’ve got the best...
Question #8 out of 10
When old man winter comes to visit, how do you keep your...
Question #9 out of 10
What kind of toilet paper is in your bathroom right now?
Question #2 out of 10
Some pesky bug is eating your English roses. How do you...
Question #5 out of 10
Your house is so clean you put Martha Stewart to shame....
Question #3 out of 10
How often do you pick up after Fido?
Question #4 out of 10
How do you keep ol’ Betsy looking sparkly?
Question #10 out of 10
Oooosh! The winter was rough on your scalp. Everybody...
The Elusive Bat
Bats playing hard to get with your backyard? Here’s...
Question #1 out of 10
Approximately 80 per cent of ocean pollution is caused by...
CANADIAN WILDLIFE FEDERATION REWARDS YOUTH FOR CELEBRATING RIVERS TO OCEANS WEEK
The Canadian Wildlife Federation and Get to Know Program...
Go Go Gadget, Butterfly Wings
By Claire Preston The latest and greatest inventions have...
Groundhog Grumbles
Have you got an unwelcome visitor in your backyard?...
Narwhal Nose Dives
How deep can narwhals dive? A. 750 metres deepB. ...
Narwhal Nose Dives
How deep can narwhals dive? A. 750 metres deepB. ...
Transat Quebec Saint-Malo
By Heather Robison Set sail with CWF this summer!
Is your garden water-smart?
Clean water is critical to our wild spaces. So it’s...
Canadian Wildlife Federation Proud Collaborator of the Transat Quebec – St-Malo
As the proud collaborating partner of the Transat Quebec...
CWF Hosts Summer Institute in Nunavut
CWF Hosts Summer Institute in Nunavut
CWF and Canadian Yachting Association recognize common interests
CWF and Canadian Yachting Association recognize common...
The Bard’s Birds
By April Overall How Shakespeare Introduced Invasive...
A Little Town With a Lot of Heart
By Sarah Coulber CWF Certifies Entire Community as...
Tree vs. Car
A car that’s driven 41,600 kilometres over the span...
A Soft Spot for the Spiny Softshell Turtle
With only two subpopulations in Canada, habitat for the...
Acid Rivers to Oceans
It’s your quintessential good-news/bad-news story....
The Research is In!
Endangered Species Research Gets a Helping Hand from CWF
CWF Urges Federal Government to Continue its Commitment to Species at Risk in Canada
The Canadian government plans to weaken the Species at...
Celebrate National Tree Day and INSPIRE others
The Canadian Wildlife Federation and Ten Tree Apparel are...
Ten Tree and CWF Launch INSPIRE Campaign
The Canadian Wildlife Federation and Ten Tree Apparel are...
Sweet Spooky Treats!
With Halloween just around the corner and fall already at...
Seeds Aren’t All the Same. Shop Wisely
After putting your garden to bed, consider these ideas as...
Love Your Lake
LoveYourLake.ca The Canadian Wildlife Federation.ca,...
Making a better Canada by working together
Just one voice can't make a difference and so I don't...
Decomposition in the Arctic
Canadian Wildlife Federation Gardener Ken Beattie...
The Future of Conservation
Canadian Wildlife magazine's September/October 2012 issue...
Hinterland Rat Tail (HWW Spoof)
CBC's This Hour Has 22 Minutes HWW spoof
Following the Humpback: Dr. Yves Jean with Leida Buglass, Part 1
Following the Humpback: Dr. Yves Jean in the Dominican...
Following the Humpback: Dr. Yves Jean with Leida Buglass, Part 2
Following the Humpback: Dr. Yves Jean in the Dominican...
Following the Humpback: Dr. Yves Jean with Leida Buglass, Part 3
Following the Humpback: Dr. Yves Jean in the Dominican...
Following the Humpback: Dr. Yves Jean with Leida Buglass, Part 4
Following the Humpback: Dr. Yves Jean in the Dominican...
CanadianWildlifeFederation.ca
The Canadian Wildlife Federation celebrates 50 years.
Nathan Clements - Happy 50th
Wildlife Conservation Research Nathan Clements wishes CWF...
Past President wishes Happy Anniversary
Don wishes CWF Happy 50th Anniversary.
Voices of the North: Jonathan Cruz
Voices of the North: Jonathan Cruz
Voices of the North: Jonathan Cruz, Designer (2)
The Canadian Wildlife Federation interviews Jonathan Cruz
CWF OAR Northwest Salish Sea Expedition
A group of four rowers paddle around Vancouver Island.
Voices of the North
CWFeducation.ca
Share Your Wild Adventure with the Canadian Wildlife Federation
The Canadian Wildlife Federation is calling on Canadians...
Merry Christmas 2011
This holiday season, CWF would like to thank you. CWF is...
Use Our Learning Resources & Lesson Plans
At CWF Education, we believe that reaching young people...
Invasive Species Encyclopedia
They are among the biggest threats to wildlife habitat,...
Invasive Species Encyclopedia
An encyclopedia of pests invading Canadian wilderness.
What Do We Know?
Recovery planning is even harder when the species is hard...
Widget: Caribou
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Call It A Start
Last winter, the federal government began developing a...
Widget: Oil
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Park Here
Canada’s increasingly urban society is a threat to its...
Widget: Fish
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Robert Bateman
On the future of biodiversity
Jean Lemire
On climate change and the polar regions
Widget: Jobs
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Alexandra Cousteau
On water and the myth of abundance
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Boreal Forest Forecast Widgets
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Widget: Money
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Widget: Wood
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Widget: Fishers
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Canadian Native Plant Supplier Submission Form
If you sell native plants, we would love to include you...
Submit Your Company_kchurchill Convio revision
If you sell native plants, we would love to include you...
Wildlife Update — March 2012
The March edition of Wildlife Update should have been...
Wildlife Update — May 2012
The May edition of Wildlife Update should have been...
Wildlife Update — April 2012
The April edition of Wildlife Update should have been...
Wildlife Update — June 2012
The June edition of Wildlife Update should have been...
Glossary of Ocean Terms
Glossary of Ocean Terms
Online Articles
Find this wildlife content only at CWF Online —...
Quebec News
Wildlife news from Quebec.
Canadian Wildlife Federation Articles
News from CWF including past partnerships, promotions and...
Connecting You to Wildlife
Change is in the air this season, not just outside where...
Funded Projects
See how the Canadian Wildlife Federation is supporting...
A Garden For Wild Friends
A garden for wild friends colouring page
Copy Nature and Support Wildlife
Copy nature and support wildlife colouring page
A wildlife-friendly garden
a wildlife friendly garden colouring page
Canada Goose
canada goose colouring page
Grizzly
grizzly coloring page
Orca
orca colouring page
Leatherback Seaturtle
leatherback seaturtle colouring page
Avoid the Bags!
avoid the bags game
Leatherback Predators
leatherback predators game
Caption Contest Winners
Caption Contest Winners
Habitat News
Many species are at risk due to human intervention....
Navigating Troubled Waters - Infrastructure
We have all become used to the convenience of indoor...
Navigating Troubled Waters - Climate Change
Climate Change is going to have a huge affect on both the...
Your stories
Read inspiring stories of how you have made a difference...
Wildlife News
The CWF is concerned first and foremost about protecting...
Navigating Troubled Waters - Agriculture
The quality of the water flowing down the St Lawrence is...
I Love Wildlife Screensaver
If you love wildlife, you’ll love CWF’s new “I Love...
Navigating Troubled Waters - 30 s
The Canadian Wildlife Federation and the award winning...
Rivers to Oceans Videos
Do you know where water goes once it’s flushed down the...
Issues News
At the Canadian Wildlife Federation we deal with a...
HWW Species — Great Horned Owl
One of the most widespread and common birds of prey in...
Navigating Troubled Waters
The Canadian Wildlife Federation and the award winning...
Nature Notebook
Whether or not your school is blessed with acres of wild...
Navigating Troubled Waters - Wildlife
Humans are not the only living creatures that depend on...
Christmas 2008 Screensaver
Decorate your computer monitor with this holiday screen...
Your stories
Read inspiring stories of how you have made a difference...
Gaillardia Aristata
Download this Gaillardia Aristata wallpaper.
Feature Nurseries
Feature Nurseries
Editor's Bench - Summer 2009
As summer sets in, we’re gearing up to enjoy some fun in...
Rudbeckia
Download this Rudbeckia wallpaper.
Editor's Bench - Winter 2008
Winter is here, and while we many of us may venture...
Northern saw-whet owl
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Water drop
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Editor's Bench - Fall 2009
Fall is indeed my favourite time of year. One can still...
Feature Plants
Feature Plants
Goldenrod
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Golden Currant
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WAG Wallpapers
Download these gardening wallpapers.
Editor's Bench - Spring 2009
Spring has definitely arrived in many areas of Canada....
Biodiversity
Download this biodiversity wallpaper.
Editor's Bench - Summer 2008
Summer is a time to enjoy getting outside, feeling the...
Editor's Bench - Fall 2008
It’s hard to believe that autumn is already here. The...
Guest Columns
Guest Columns
Widget: Species of Special Concern
A species that may become Threatened or Endangered by a...
Widget: Threatened Species
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Widget: Endangered Species
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Local Hero: Diane Clapp
In Nova Scotia, rug hookers promote wildlife conservation...
Widget: Mammals
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Widget: Vascular Plants
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Widget: Fishes
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Newsmaker
Juno award-winner Sarah Harmer sings about the wild —...
Politics and the Peel
Wild and remote, the Peel watershed is one of Canada’s...
Canadian Wildlife: May/June 2012
In the May/June 2012 issue of Canadian Wildlife: explore...
To Protect and Conserve
As the country with the world’s longest coastline, Canada...
Widget: Reptiles
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Widget: Lichens
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Widget: Molluscs
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Backyard habitat
Biting Bugs? Fight Back
The Heron Hotel
Great blue herons are normally a reclusive species. Then...
Widget: Extirpated Species
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Widget: Arthropods
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Widget: Mosses
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Widget: Birds
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Take the Water Quz!
By April Overall What are you Doing to Save Canada’s...
Canada and Climate Change: On Thin Ice
By Leigh Edgar Once a leader in the fight against...
2012 Conservation Achievement Awards
The Canadian Wildlife Federation (CWF) is proud to...
2009 Conservation Achievement Awards
The Canadian Wildlife Federation (CWF) is proud to...
3RD ANNUAL OCEANS FILM FESTIVAL
This festival will provide Halifax with an exciting range...
A Birthday Bash that Gives Back
Rather than request the latest toys or trendy clothes for...
A Dose of Love
What hormone is responsible for keeping prairie vole...
"Water" We Doing?
Have you ever noticed the gratings in streets and...
CWF and Ten Tree INSPIRE
The Canadian Wildlife Federation (CWF) is celebrating...
Burnbrae Farms Donates to CWF
Branbrae farms, a family-owned Canadian farm since 1893,...
Scientific Name
lists the botanical name (genus and species) for each of...
Common Name
lists the common name or names for each plant. Please...
Plant Type
Identifies each plant according to various accepted...
Native Province
Lists all Canadian provinces and territories for which...
Zone
Gives the hardiness zone listing for each plant where...
Habitat
Gives a brief description of the natural habitat of each...
Colour
Lists the colour of the flowering part of each plant. For...
Height at Maturity
Gives the approximate height of the plant at full size....
Light
Indicates the amount of sunlight the plant should ideally...
Moisture
Indicates the plant's preferred soil moisture. Some...
Bloom Time
Lists the time of year the plant flowers. Due to the...
Wildlife Benefit
Gives the possible use of the plant by various forms of...
Cautions
Lists some areas of concern for the selected plant. These...
Attributes
Lists some of the special qualities certain plants have...
In the blink of an eye
Roy Hancliff returns with more of his award-winning,...
Life in the Pictures
Frédéric Back’s art and an animation is renowned around...
Newsmaker: Are the Prairies About to Go Hog Wild?
The spread of wild boars has become a major headache in...
Dr. Sean Brillant on The Great Canadian Turtle Race
It's Turtle Time! CWF Marine Conservation Manager Dr....
Lucky Charms
Celebrate St. Patrick’s Day with Canada’s Very Own Lucky...
Local Hero: Joanne Goddard
Teacher Joanne Goddard is leading her students on a...
Can You Feel the Heat?
By 2100, average temperatures could rise by how many...
bacteria
(singular: bacterium): single-celled, microscopically...
telework
Working remotely from home or a home office.
qiviut
the underfur of the muskox, used as wool.
genus
a major category in the classification of plants,...
keystone species
a species whose removal causes marked changes to a...
montane
growing in, or inhabiting, mountain areas
carbon cycle
This term describes the flow of carbon through the...
climate change
Natural and human-induced changes in climate that last...
nitrous oxide (N2O)
A colourless, non-flammable gas with a sweetish odour,...
canopy
the layer formed by the leaves and branches of a forest’s...
underfur
the dense layer of fur, short hairs, or wool under the...
carbon neutral
An equivalent amount of carbon dioxide is captured...
food mile
The distance food or produce travels from the point of...
Asterism
A pattern of stars, but not officially a constellation
echinoderm
any marine invertebrate of the phylum Echinodermata,...
family
in taxonomy, a major grouping of organisms; below an...
vascular plants
seed plants, such as flowering trees, shrubs, herbs, and...
yard up
a solid, semi-solid, liquid, or contained gaseous...
biowall
A mixture of nitrogen, oxygen and carbon dioxide, among...
ice floe
a drifting sheet of ice.
microinvertebrate
an invertebrate that is visible to the naked eye, such as...
ocean
a large expanse of sea. The oceans surrounding Canada are...
pack ice
a floating mass of ice that forms in the Earth’s polar...
taiga
sparsely treed belt of subarctic forest in the Northern...
atmosphere
A mixture of nitrogen, oxygen and carbon dioxide, among...
greenhouse effect
A rise in the temperature of the atmosphere caused by an...
hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs)
Compounds that were introduced as alternatives to...
methane (CH4)
Methane is created when the decomposition of waste takes...
solar heat
Energy generated by the sun.
thermohaline circulation system
The flow of ocean water caused by changes in the water's...
abiotic
A non-living aspect of the environment such as light,...
antenna
(plural: antannae) A mobile appendage on the head of an...
land-based pollution
pollution, including agricultural runoff, untreated...
carbon dioxide
A colourless, odourless gas that is naturally present in...
climate
Weather conditions that regularly occur in a region.
fossil fuels
Carbon-based compounds such as coal, oil, refined...
greenhouse gases
Vapours, such as carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane,...
heat island effect
When heat from a large urban area concentrates in a...
ocean conveyor belt
A complex heat and salt exchange system in the planet's...
waste
a solid, semi-solid, liquid, or contained gaseous...
ungulate
a hoofed mammal
game animal
legal designation for wild animals, usually mammals or...
dabbling ducks
ducks that frequent shallow marshes, ponds, and rivers...
natal
related to birth or being born.
salt marsh
marsh forms affected by the daily or seasonal influence...
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)
Organic compounds made up of atoms of carbon, chlorine...
race
a subspecies of an animal species or a variety of a plant...
zero population growth
the maintenance of population numbers at a fixed level.
global warming
A rise in the temperature of the atmosphere caused by an...
You Asked For It
You wanted to know — so now we'll tell you! Find...
Meet Canada’s Favourite Gardener Ken Beattie at Canada Blooms
The newest member of the Canadian Wildlife Federation...
HINTERLAND WHO’S WHO AT CANADA BLOOMS
Most Canadians who had television in the 1960s or 1970s...
Natural Playground Major Attraction at Canada Blooms
The Canadian Wildlife Federation Natural Playground by...
Aggregate fruit
Fruit produced from a single flower with two or more...
Alternate leaves
Leaves arranged singly along a stem, placed on one side...
Adventitious
Structures that grow in an unusual place; e.g. roots that...
Actinomorphic
See Radial symmetry.
Angiosperm
One of two groups of plants (the other being gymnosperms)...
Amendment
Material added to improve soil quality and structure for...
Adroecium
Male reproductive part of a flower. It accounts for all...
Aeration
Water and air penetration of a soil. Also used to...
Adventive species
A non-native species considered locally or temporarily...
Achene
Tiny, thin-walled, dry fruit holding a single seed; e.g....
Algae
Green, photosynthetic plants without roots or shoots....
Alpine plant
A plant native to mountains, found at high elevations...
Acorn
Tough, dry nut on oak trees. Comprised of a single,...
Basal cutting
Propagation technique where a young, newly emerging shoot...
Basal leaves
Leaves at the very base of a stem.
Arboretum
Site where trees and other plants are cultivated as a...
Aril
Specialized seed covering; e.g. the juicy, edible portion...
Bacteria
Single-celled organism that does not have chlorophyll....
Bark
Protective external covering on trunks and branches of a...
Blade
Broad, flat, typically thin and elongated portion of a...
Annual
Plant that completes its whole life cycle, dies and...
Aquatic
Plant adapted to living partly or fully in salt or fresh...
Balanced fertilizer
A synthetic or natural fertilizer that has equal amounts...
Ascending
Upward growth or orientation.
Annual ring
Represents the growth of a tree in a single year, visible...
Bisexual
A single flower with both male and female organs, also...
Anther
Sac-like pollen-bearing structure at the top of the...
Axil
Upper angle between the stem and petiole (leaf stalk).
Armed
Equipped with thorns, prickles or spines.
Biennial
Flowering plant with a two-year life cycle. A biennial...
Aphid
Small, soft-bodied insect that sucks sap from new, tender...
Biological control
Method of pest control where an organism, rather than...
Biodiversity
The diversity or variation in the number of species found...
Berry
Fleshy fruit formed by a single ovary that has one or...
Bloom
See flower.
Bud
Modified stem; undeveloped stem, branch, leaf or flower...
Carpel
A female flower's reproductive organ that produces the...
Compound leaves
Leaf made up of two or more distinct leaf-like structures...
Carbon dioxide
Gas that is naturally a small part of the earth�s...
Botanical insecticide
Naturally occurring chemicals found in plants that act as...
Bur
Barbed fruit that clings like velcro to an animal�s fur...
Caterpillar
Larval stage of a butterfly or a moth; hatched from an egg.
Catkin
Flower cluster with a scaly-bracted, elongated spike made...
Clone
Offspring produced having identical genetic structure to...
Branch
Part of a tree that grows out and reaches away from the...
Capitulum
When one flower head is composed of many florets (tiny...
Chloroplasts
Organelle (tiny organ) found in plant cells. They house...
Clasping
Leaf base wrapped partly around the stem.
Compound
Composed of two or more parts, for example a compound...
Bulbs
Modified stem; underground stem that stores food in...
Clay
Heavy mineral soil created by the chemical weathering of...
Composite flower
A type of inflorescence (flower cluster) that appears to...
Bole
The section of a tree trunk below the crown, before the...
Broadleaved tree
Tree with wide, flat leaves. Always a deciduous tree.
Calyx
Collective term for all of the sepals on a flower. They...
Capsule
Dry fruit with two or more carpels (female flower...
Caryopsis
Fruit where the seed is fused to and surrounded by the...
Casting
Soil-like earthworm droppings produced by digesting soil,...
Chlorophyll
Green pigment found in the chloroplasts of leaves and...
Compost
A product created from the breakdown of organic matter....
Compound fruit
A unit composed of more than one fruit, classified into...
Cambium
Layer of cells responsible for producing new cells, ...
Ciliate
Lined with cilia which are tiny finger-like or hair-like...
Bract
Modified leaf typically found beneath a flower or flower...
Broad
Widespread or expansive from side to side.
Chlorosis
Loss or destruction of chlorophyll due to a nutritional...
Chrysalis
A self-built structure that contains a caterpillar at the...
Evergreen
Tree that remains green throughout the year. A few leaves...
Embryo
A young plant that is still contained within the seed.
Fertilizer
Substance added to soil to supply nutrients to growing...
Follicle
Simple, dry fruit developed from a single carpel (female...
Creeper
Trailing, prostrate plant. Also refers to a trailing...
Crown
Upper portion of a tree that includes the branches and...
Cultivar
A cultivated plant variety. These are plants with...
Cuneate leaves
Wedge-shaped leaf. It is wide and flat at the top and...
Ferns
Vascular green plants with large leaves called fronds....
Flower
Modified shoot, which is usually colourful and showy,...
Corm
Modified stem. Short, enlarged underground stem that...
Corolla
Collective term for the petals that are usually...
Deltoid leaves
Triangular leaf. It is widest at the base and pointed at...
Double flower
A flower with many extra petals, giving it a full or...
Corona
Crown-like, funnel- or trumpet-shaped structure on the...
Corymb
Branched inflorescence (flower cluster) that is either...
Diameter at breast height (DBH)
Measures the size of a tree trunk's diameter at breast...
Dioecious
Plants where the staminate (male) and pistillate (female)...
Dormancy
When physiological activity slows or stops; e.g. a lawn...
Entire
Leaf with a smooth margin (edge).
Double-toothed
Leaf margin edged with teeth where a small tooth is set...
Epiphyte
Plant that grows on another plant or structure, often for...
Cup floret
See disk floret.
Dicotyledon
Plant with an embryo containing two cotyledons (seed...
Cone
Reproductive structure made of modified leaves. It is...
Conifer
Trees that bear cones. They are usually evergreen, and...
Cross-pollination
Pollen from the anther (male part) of a flower on one...
Cultural Control
Controlling disease, insect or weed issues by...
Endocarp
Innermost layer of the pericarp. It makes up part of a...
Fibrous root
Branching root system; roots all similar in size.
Floret
A small flower, often one of many, which make up a larger...
Cotyledon
Leaf of a developing plant within the seed that stores...
Dehiscent
Abrupt opening of a plant structure at maturity, such as...
Disk floret
Small flower with a tube-shaped corolla (petals) that...
Drainage
Describes how water travels through the soil.
Drupe
Fleshy fruit from a single carpel (female reproductive...
Elliptic leaves
Leaf that is widest at the middle and tapers to a point...
Eukaryote
Any organism with cells that contain organelles and a...
Filament
The long, slender stalk of the stamen.
Flabellate leaves
Fan-shaped leaves; e.g. ginko tree leaves.
Coniferous
Refers to cone-bearing trees or a type of forest composed...
Cordate leaves
Heart-shaped leaves with a pointed tip.
Cork cambium
Thin layer of live cells found on the underside of bark....
Cuticle
Outer, protective, waxy layer of a leaf or stem.
Cyme
Type of inflorescence (flower cluster) where each main...
Emergent
Aquatic plant that grows in water with its lower half...
Ericaceous
Plants belonging to the botanical family Ericaceae. They...
Exocarp
Outermost layer of the pericarp. It makes up part of a...
Deciduous
Trees or shrubs whose leaves fall off in autumn.
Disease
Any deviation from regular metabolism that affects the...
Fertility
The availability of nutrients, water and air in the soil...
Monoculture
Growing only one crop plant over a large area; e.g. corn...
Monoecious
Having both male and female parts on the same plant but...
Naturalized species
A non-native species that is introduced to a wild area,...
Full sun
An area that receives about six hours or more of direct sun.
Heartwood
Dead wood at the centre of the tree, which no longer...
Invasive species
Introduced species that compete for resources and space...
Legume
Dry fruit from a single ovary. Usually splits along two...
Frond
Large, divided leaf of a non-flowering plant; e.g. a fern.
Frost
Covering of very thin ice formed when a hard surface is...
Humus
A stable material in soil made from the breakdown of...
LD50
Measure of toxicity. It describes the lethal dose...
Lenticel
Subtly raised pore on bark that allows for gas exchange;...
Lip petal
Enlarged petal on the lower half of some flowers; e.g....
Microorganism
Organism too small to see with the naked eye. A...
Forcing
Accelerating a plant�s growth or maturity by artificially...
Guard cell
Special cells found on the surface of leaves and stems....
Hardening off
Gradual process of moving seedlings (or other plants)...
Hardy
Plant with an ability to endure frost and winter...
Herbicide
Substance that kills plants, usually weeds. Some...
Hybrid
Plant-breeding term where two similar specimens are...
Imperfect flower
Flowers with the reproductive parts of one sex...
Leaf tip
The top portion of the leaf blade.
Leaflet
Leaf-like section on a compound leaf.
Lobed
Leaf margin with deep, rounded indentations that are too...
Moss
Small plant without flowers or seeds that reproduces via...
Germination
Sprouting or emergence of a seed, spore or pollen grain...
Habit
Growth form or appearance of a plant; e.g. a "weeping"...
Leaf base
The bottom part of the leaf blade. The end that is...
Leaf margin
Edge or perimeter of a leaf.
Loam
Soil type consisting of fine clay, medium silt and coarse...
Mulch
Material spread over the soil to shield it from...
Native species
A species that has lived and evolved in a specific area...
Fungus
Not a true plant; includes mushrooms, toadstools and...
Gland
Bump, or small indentation that secretes liquids such as...
Hesperidium
Fruit with a leathery rind that makes up the ovary wall,...
Incised leaves
Leaf margins that appear irregularly and sharply...
Inflorescence
Flower cluster. The arrangement of flowers on a stem with...
Involucre
Whorl or circle of bracts surrounding an inflorescence...
Limb
Large tree branch.
Fruit
Ripened or mature ovary or pistil of a flowering plant.
Gynoecium
Female reproductive part of a flower. It accounts for all...
Herbaceous
Plant that does not have woody tissue. These plants are...
Hypanthium
Joining of the calyx (sepals) and corolla (petals) to...
leafstalk
Connects leaf blade to main stem of a plant. Also known...
Lichens
Lichens are composed of a fungus and an algae that live...
Modified stem
This stem looks and grows differently from a conventional...
Monocotyledon
A plant with an embryo containing one cotyledon (seed...
Multiple fruit
Fruit formed from several clustered flowers, where the...
Gall
Abnormal plant growth such as a bulge on the side of a...
Grub
Thick, whitish, curved larvae of beetles and other insect...
Gymnosperm
One of two groups of plants (gymnosperms and angiosperms)...
Indigenous species
See native species.
Introduced species
Species that are not originally from a given region;...
Irregular flower
Flower with petals that are variable in shape, not...
Linear leaves
Long, thin, strip-like leaves.
Mould
Not a true plant, but rather a microscopic fungus.
Mycorrhiza
Beneficial relationship between fungi and the roots of...
Full shade
An area that generally receives about three hours of sun...
Ground cover
Low-growing plants that form a dense covering over the...
Hardwood
Wood from a dicot, angiosperm tree in temperate and...
Heirloom
Any cultivar that was commonly grown by people in the...
Keel
Sharp ridge or rib-like structure at the base of two...
Lanceolate leaves
Lance-shaped leaf; longer than wide, tapered at both ends...
Larvae
A juvenile phase in the life cycle of many anImals such...
Mesocarp
Middle layer of the pericarp. It makes up part of a fruit.
Midrib
Central vein that runs the length of a leaf blade.
Oblanceolate leaf
Lance-shaped leaf that is longer than wide. It tapers at...
Pistillate flower
Female flower that bears the female reproductive structures.
Ovary
Swollen base of the pistil which develops into a fruit.
Ovate leaf
Egg-shaped leaf that is wider at the base, with a rounded...
Ovule
Seed before fertilization. The immature ovule is found in...
Petiole
Stalk of a leaf. It links the leaf to the stem.
Photosynthesis
Process by which a plant makes food for itself. The...
Pollen
Tiny grains formed in the anthers that produce the male...
Prickles
Short, woody, sharp structures found on stems, leaves and...
Propagation
Reproduction of plants via seeds or spores (sexual...
Pupa
Life stage of a holometabolous insect (an insect that...
Receptacle
Enlarged area at the end of the pedicel where flower...
Obcordate leaf
Heart-shaped leaf with a pointed base.
Organic
A natural, earth-friendly gardening style where synthetic...
Pepo
Fruit where a hard rind makes up the ovary wall; e.g....
Pericarp
Fruit wall arising from the ovary wall. It is composed of...
Pesticides
Substance used to regulate, eliminate or repel an...
Petal
This colourful flower part collectively makes up the...
Pinnately compound
Type of leaflet where the pinna (individual leaf-like...
Pistil
Female part of a flower. A collective term for the...
Pod
Dry fruit that opens along two edges at maturity; e.g....
Pome
Has many seeds and carpels. The outer half of the...